A bone marrow biopsy is performed for any of the following reasons: to evaluate bone marrow function or to determine the cause of some infections; diagnose tumors; determine how far a disease, such as lymphoma, has progressed; and to evaluate the effectiveness of chemotherapy or other bone marrow active drugs.
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AnemiaAnemia can be caused by many conditions and diseases such as iron deficiency, poor diet and nutrition, cancers, bone marrow problems, and more. Symptoms of anemia depend upon the cause, and progression of the disease. Treatment depends upon the cause of anemia.
LymphomaLymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system. Symptoms include fevers, chills, itching, enlarged spleen, and swollen lymph nodes. Treatment depends upon the type and stage of the lymphoma, in addition to the age and overall health of the individual.
MyelomaMyeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells of the blood. Symptoms include early osteoporosis, hypercalcemia, hyperviscosity of the blood, low red and white blood cell counts, low platelet count, cryoglobulinemia, and amyloidosis. Tests to diagnose multiple myeloma include blood and urine tests, bone marrow examination, X-rays, MRIs, PET scans, and regular monitoring. Multiple myeloma treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation, medications, and stem cell transplantation. Life expectancy for multiple myeloma is a 30% five-year survival rate.
Bone Marrow Biopsy Topic Guide - Visuals
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