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EncephalitisEncephalitis is an acute infection and inflammation of the brain itself. This is in contrast to meningitis, which is an inflammation of the layers covering the brain. Encephalitis symptoms and signs include headache, fever, fatigue, seizures, and photophobia. Treatment depends upon the cause of the encephalitis.
Meningitis in AdultsMeningitis is an infection of the layers around the spinal cord called meninges. This potentially life-threatening condition can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungus, or reactions to medications or environmental toxins.
Meningitis in ChildrenMeningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the spinal cord or brain. Bacterial or viral infection are the typical causes of meningitis. Symptoms of meningitis in children include: vomiting, rash, stiff neck, fever, seizure, nausea, increased sensitivity to light, and altered mental status. Treatment may incorporate a breathing tube, a heart and breathing monitor, IV fluids, catheterization, and administering acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
West Nile VirusWest Nile virus is a Flaviviridiae virus transmitted to humans by mosquito bites. West Nile virus infection typically begins with the abrupt onset of symptoms including fever, chills, muscle aches, headache, and flu-like symptoms. There is no known effective antiviral treatment or vaccine to prevent West Nile virus.
Meningitis FAQs MedicineNet doctors answer common frequently asked questions about meningitis. Learn the causes, symptoms, treatments, and complications of this potentially life-threatening disease.