Broken Nose: A broken nose (nasal fracture) is any crack or fracture in the bony portion of the nose. Causes of a broken nose include fights, sports injuries, motor vehicle accidents, and falls. Symptoms of a broken nose include tenderness when touching the nose, bruised nose, black eye, nosebleed, and difficulty breathing through the nostrils. Treatment for a broken nose depends on the severity of the fracture.
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Bone Fracture (Broken Bone)Fractures occur when bone cannot withstand the outside forces applied to the bone. Fractures can be open or closed. Types of fractures include: greenstick, spiral, comminuted, transverse, compound, or vertebral compression. Common fractures include: stress fracture, compression fracture, rib fracture, and skull fracture. Treatment depends upon the type of fracture.
BruisesA bruise is a common skin injury that results in a discoloration of the skin. Symptoms and signs include pain and discolored skin. Applying a cold compress may speed healing and reduce swelling. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen may be taken for pain.
Facial FractureFacial fracture refers to any injury that results in a broken bone or bones of the face. Symptoms of a facial fracture depend on what bones are broken. Treatment of a facial fracture again, depends on what bones are broken.
NosebleedsNosebleeds, medical term epistaxis, can be caused by an object stuck inside of the nose; infection of the sinuses or upper respiratory tract; hay fever; dry, hot, or cold weather; blowing the nose too forcefully; and certain medications. Serious reasons for nose bleeding include cocaine use; alcohol abuse; liver disease; high blood pressure; and nasal tumors. Usually, people can stop nose bleeding quickly at home. More serious nosebleed causes may need medical treatment.
Wound CareWounds are lacerations, cuts, or punctures in the skin. Wounds can be superficial, deep, punctures, or pressure sores. The amount of pain, inflammation, and bleeding depend on the type of wound. Most superficial wounds can be treated at home. Deep wounds, or complicated wounds generally need medical care. Sutures, staples, or surgical glue for a wound depend on the depth of the wound and the time lapse between the injury and when medical care is sought.
Bruises (Bruising) A bruise is a common skin injury that results in a discoloration of the skin. Symptoms and signs include pain and discolored skin. Applying a cold compress may speed healing and reduce swelling. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen may be taken for pain.