Doctor's Notes on Bunions
Bunions are localized enlargements of bone and tissue, mainly on the sides and/or top of the joint base of the big toe or the smallest toe (fifth toe bunion is also termed a bunionette). Signs and symptoms of bunions include
- local inflammation of the tissues around the joints,
- bursitis, swelling,
- pain and
- Occasionally, there is numbness and/or tingling.
- Most people show an inward displacement of the big toe toward the other toes and/or some deformity of the big toe (termed hallux abducto valgus).
The cause of bunions is strongly related to inherited foot function patterns (biomechanics). Pointed-toe shoes, narrow shoes, and high-heeled shoes put stress and pressure on the tissues of the base of the big toe and little toe and may trigger and/or exacerbate bunions.
What are the treatments for bunions?
Treatments of bunions vary with the severity of the bunion and the pains it may cause. Treatments fall into two categories:
- Conservative treatments
- Wear shoes that give a lot of space for your toes
- Padding – over-the-counter non medicated bunion pads
- Shoe inserts - over-the-counter or prescription inserts for shoes
- Ice to decrease pain and swelling (caution – check with your doctor if you have circulation problems)
- Surgical treatments; options include
- Remove swollen tissue
- Removing part of the bone (Big toe)
- Realignment of the big toe and/or other toes
- Fusion of affected joints
A podiatrist can help you manage bunion problems.
Feet Facts : Test Your Medical IQ QuizQuestion
All ___________ have flat feet.See Answer
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