Bunions: Bunions are bony deformities at the base of the big (hallux valgus deformity) or little toe (tailor's bunion). A bunion may be caused by hereditary factors, ballet dancing, and pointy high-heeled shoes that put pressure on the base of the big toe. Symptoms and signs include swelling, pain, tenderness, inflammation, numbness, or tingling. Treatment may involve cold applications, antiinflammatories, a change of footwear, a cortisone injection, or a bunionectomy.
Gout Gout is characterized by abnormal uric acid metabolism. Symptoms and signs include a red, hot, swollen joint, and acute pain. Medications for the treatment of gout include NSAIDs, colchicine, corticosteroids, probenecid, allopurinol, and febuxostat. Staying hydrated and elevating and applying ice packs to the swollen joint may help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.