Bunions are bony deformities at the base of the big (hallux valgus deformity) or little toe (tailor's bunion). A bunion may be caused by hereditary factors, ballet dancing, and pointy high-heeled shoes that put pressure on the base of the big toe. Symptoms and signs include swelling, pain, tenderness, inflammation, numbness, or tingling. Treatment may involve cold applications, anti-inflammatories, a change of footwear, a cortisone injection, or a bunionectomy.
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ArthritisArthritis is inflammation of the joints. Arthritis causes include injury, abnormal metabolism (such as gout), inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis), infections (such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease), and an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis [RA] and systemic lupus erythematosus). Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited joint function. Treatment may include pain medications, pain-relieving creams, and dietary supplements.
Foot PainCommon causes of foot pain include fracture, bunions, blisters, plantar warts, plantar fasciitis, gout, osteoarthritis, and peripheral neuropathy, among others. Associated symptoms and signs may include swelling, redness, and tenderness. Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Home remedies include resting and icing the foot, using orthotics, and applying Band-Aids.
GoutGout is characterized by abnormal uric acid metabolism. Symptoms and signs include a red, hot, swollen joint, and acute pain. Medications for the treatment of gout include NSAIDs, colchicine, corticosteroids, probenecid, allopurinol, and febuxostat. Staying hydrated as well as elevating and applying ice packs to the swollen joint may help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
What Are the Different Types of Foot PainMany conditions can cause foot pain, including plantar fasciitis, fractures/stress fractures, heel spurs, corns, bunions, metatarsalgia, arthritis (inflammation of the joints), Morton’s neuroma, hammertoes, posterior tibial tendonitis, turf toe (hyperextended great toe), and tarsal tunnel syndrome.