Bunions: Bunions are bony deformities at the base of the big (hallux valgus deformity) or little toe (tailor's bunion). A bunion may be caused by hereditary factors, ballet dancing, and pointy high-heeled shoes that put pressure on the base of the big toe. Symptoms and signs include swelling, pain, tenderness, inflammation, numbness, or tingling. Treatment may involve cold applications, antiinflammatories, a change of footwear, a cortisone injection, or a bunionectomy.
Arthritis Arthritis is inflammation of the joints. Arthritis causes include injury, abnormal metabolism (such as gout), inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis), infections (such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease), and an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis [RA] and systemic lupus erythematosus). Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited joint function. Treatment may include pain medications, pain-relieving creams, and dietary supplements.