Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition that cannot be cured. However, patients with diabetes can lead a normal life with the help of drugs and adopting a healthy lifestyle. The goals of diabetes management are to eliminate symptoms and prevent the development of complications. Many drugs, both oral and injectable, are available for diabetes management.
- Appropriate goal setting: To maintain blood glucose levels by eating a healthy diet and by maintaining body weight.
- Dietary and exercise modifications
- Appropriate self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by the patient
- Regular monitoring for complications
- Laboratory assessment
What Does Diabetes Type 2 Mean?
How Do You Get Diabetes Type 2?
An individual can get type 2 diabetes due to several factors that reduce insulin action or quantity in the body. The disease involves complex interactions between environmental and genes coupled with a diabetogenic lifestyle (i.e. excessive caloric intake, inadequate caloric expenditure, obesity). Some studies propose that pollutants in the environment may play a role in the development and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Some of the main risk factors causing type 2 diabetes are as under:
- Age greater than 45 years
- Overweight individuals
- Family history of type 2 diabetes
- Hispanic, Native American, African American, Asian American, or Pacific Islander descent
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol and lipids
- Pre-diabetes: A condition in which blood sugars are higher than normal but still not high enough to be called diabetes
- History of developing diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes mellitus) or of delivering a baby with a birth weight of over 9 pounds
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- Diet rich in processed carbohydrates
What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2?
The symptoms of diabetes can be so subtle that many patients are diagnosed on routine investigations rather than visits for diabetes-related symptoms.
Is Diabetes Type 2 Serious?
Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects various organs in the body. It is a serious disease with many devastating complications that can be prevented with appropriate treatment. Some complications of type 2 diabetes include:
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