Can You Get Rid of Type 2 Diabetes?

Reviewed on 10/19/2021

It may be possible to get rid of type 2 diabetes in some cases with a healthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and certain lifestyle changes. This would still require regular blood sugar monitoring and maintaining healthy habits so that type 2 diabetes does not recur.
It may be possible to get rid of type 2 diabetes in some cases with a healthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and certain lifestyle changes. This would still require regular blood sugar monitoring and maintaining healthy habits so that type 2 diabetes does not recur.

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body doesn’t use insulin properly, causing blood sugar (glucose) levels to rise (hyperglycemia). Glucose is the body’s primary source of energy. The pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that helps convert glucose from the foods you eat into energy your body uses. 

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is not the same as type 1 diabetes (formerly called juvenile diabetes), a condition in which little to no insulin is produced by the pancreas.

What Is Type 2 Diabetes Treatment?

It may be possible to get rid of type 2 diabetes in some cases with a healthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and certain lifestyle changes; however, people need to continue to monitor their blood sugar and maintain healthy habits or type 2 diabetes can recur. 

Lifestyle Changes for Type 2 Diabetes

Lifestyle changes to manage and reverse type 2 diabetes, if possible, include:

  • Manage A1C (average blood glucose level over the past 3 months)
  • Check blood glucose levels daily
  • Follow a diabetes meal plan as recommended by your doctor or nutritionist
    • Healthy food choices include fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans, lean poultry and fish, and low-fat dairy
    • Low-calorie, low-fat, low-sugar, and low-salt are the best options
    • Drink plenty of water
  • Don’t smoke
  • Exercise regularly 
  • Keep blood pressure under control
  • Maintain healthy cholesterol levels
  • Get adequate sleep
  • Manage stress 
  • Take diabetes medications as prescribed

Type 2 Diabetes Medications

Medications used to treat type 2 diabetes include: 

Other Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Options

If lifestyle changes and medications are inadequate to manage type 2 diabetes, other treatments may include: 

  • Weight-loss surgery (bariatric surgery) for some patients who are obese
  • Artificial pancreas 

What Are Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst 
  • Increased hunger, even with normal food consumption
  • Increased urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Sores/cuts/bruises that do not heal
  • Frequent infections
  • Numbness, tingling, or pain in the feet or hands 
  • Darkened skin, often in the armpits and neck

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Causes of type 2 diabetes include: 

  • Genetics
    • Family history of type 2 diabetes
    • Tends to occur more in certain ethnic groups: African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander
  • Lifestyle factors 

Factors that can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes include:

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Reviewed on 10/19/2021
References
https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes

https://www.fda.gov/media/119148/download

https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/type1.html

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/gestational-diabetes-beyond-the-basics?search=Gestational%20Diabetes%5C&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~150&usage_type=default&display_rank=2