Cancer of the Testicle (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Testicular Cancer Causes
It is not known exactly what causes testicular cancers. Certain factors, listed here, appear to increase a man's risk of developing a testicular cancer. Many others have been proposed, but are either unproven or discredited.
Cryptorchidism: The testicles form in the abdomen of the developing fetus. While the fetus is still in the womb, the testicles begin their gradual descent to the scrotum. Oftentimes, this descent is not complete at birth but occurs during the first year of life. Failure of the testicle to appropriately descend into the scrotum is called undescended testicle, or cryptorchidism.
Testicular Cancer Symptoms and Signs
Family History of testicular cancer
HIV infection: There appears to be a higher risk of testicular cancer in men with HIV infection.
Age: Men between 20 and 35 are most commonly affected. Six percent occur in children. Seven percent occur in men over 55.
History of Testicular Cancer in the Other Testicle
Most testicular cancers are discovered by the man himself when he notices a painless swelling, lump, or pain in a testicle.
Changes in the testicle can be detected early by practicing monthly testicular self-examination. Self-exam is easy to do. Testicular self-examination is key to recognizing testicular cancer early. Males older than 18 years of age should be encouraged to perform monthly inspections of each testicle. Notify your health-care provider about any suspicious finding or concern.
Last Reviewed 11/20/2017
Scott E Eggener, MD
Steven C Campbell, MD, PhD
Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
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Testicular Cancer - Symptoms and Signs
How did you first discover you had testicular cancer? What were the symptoms and signs?