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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) (cont.)

CPR in Children

Sudden cardiac arrest is less common in children than it is in adults. It usually occurs when there is a lack of oxygen caused by a breathing problem such as choking, near-drowning, or respiratory infections.

In order to use an AED on a child from one year of age through eight years of age a special pediatric cable is used to reduce the amount of energy provided by the electrical shock.

Doing CPR on children aged one year to eight years is similar to doing CPR on adults. However, there are some minor differences. Most are due to the child's smaller size.

  • When compressing the chest, the heel of only 1 hand is used instead of two hands, and the chest is pressed down approximately 2 inches.
  • Compressions should be done at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute at a depth of about 1.5 inches for infants, about 2 inches for children and at least 2 inches but no greater than 2.4 inches for adolescents.
  • If rescuers are unwilling or unable to deliver breaths, they should perform compression-only CPR (Hands-Only CPR).

CPR in Infants

An infant is defined as a child younger than one year of age. Because an infant is smaller than a child, the CPR technique for infants contains further changes.

  • Even smaller breaths are given-enough to just get the chest to rise. Only two fingers are used to compress the chest down about 1 and 1/2 inches.
  • Otherwise, the CPR sequence is the same as for the child.
  • Manual defibrillation is the preferred method of defibrillation in infants, however, if only an AED is available, it is recommended that a pediatric AED cable be used for infant defibrillation.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/4/2016

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) consists of chest compressions and artificial ventilation used to maintain circulatory flow and oxygenation during cardiac arrest.

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