©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information.

Migraine and Related Headaches: Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments Topic Guide

Migraine and Related Headaches Migraine and Related Headaches:

Two general types of headaches exist: primary (like migraines and cluster headaches) and secondary (headaches caused by a structural problem, trauma, or infection) Triggers include stress, lack of sleep, not enough food or fluids, and many other causes. A variety of medications all working through a variety of different mechanisms are used to treat migraines.

Must Read Articles:

Migraine and Related Headaches Topic Guide - Visuals

Slideshows, Pictures, Images, and Quizzes:

Migraine and Related Headaches Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins

Medications:

eletriptan Eletriptan

Eletriptan is a headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Eletriptan also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache pain,...learn more »

frovatriptan Frovatriptan

Frovatriptan is a headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Frovatriptan also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache p...learn more »

almotriptan Almotriptan

Almotriptan is a headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Almotriptan also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache pai...learn more »

rizatriptan Rizatriptan

Rizatriptan is a headache medicine that narrows the blood vessels around the brain. Rizatriptan also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache...learn more »

naratriptan Naratriptan

Naratriptan is a headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Naratriptan also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache pai...learn more »

zolmitriptan (oral) Zolmitriptan (oral)

Zolmitriptan is a headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Zolmitriptan also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache p...learn more »

acetaminophen and codeine Acetaminophen And Codeine

Codeine is an opioid pain medication. Acetaminophen is a less potent pain reliever that increases the effects of codeine...learn more »

phenylephrine and promethazine Phenylephrine And Promethazine

Phenylephrine is a decongestant that shrinks blood vessels in the nasal passages. Dilated blood vessels can cause nasal congestion (stuffy nose)...learn more »

sumatriptan (injection) Sumatriptan (injection)

Sumatriptan is a headache medicine that narrows blood vessels around the brain. Sumatriptan also reduces substances in the body that can trigger headache pai...learn more »

prochlorperazine (oral) Prochlorperazine (oral)

Prochlorperazine is a phenothiazine (FEEN-oh-THYE-a-zeen) antipsychotic medicine...learn more »

ergotamine Ergotamine

Ergotamine is in a group of drugs called ergot alkaloids (ER-got AL-ka-loids). It works by narrowing the blood vessels around the brain. Ergotamine also af...learn more »

dihydroergotamine (injection) Dihydroergotamine (injection)

Dihydroergotamine is in a group of drugs called ergot alkaloids (ER-got AL-ka-loids). It works by narrowing the blood vessels around the brain and affects b...learn more »