Symptoms and Signs of Cervical Dysplasia

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 2/2/2022

Doctor's Notes on Cervical Dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition in women that appear in cells (cells appear abnormal) that compose the lining of the cervix. There are no signs and symptoms for this condition. It is recognized when a PAP smear is done during cancer screening.

Cervical dysplasia can be caused by infection of the cells with the human papillomavirus (HPV). It raises the risk to develop cancer. A vaccine against HPV is available to help prevent infections.

What Are the Treatments for Cervical Dysplasia?

Mild dysplasias may require no treatments; the dysplasia may resolve without any intervention. However, your doctor may recommend that you follow up yearly with testing (PAP test) to see if it's progressing or stable. However, moderate and severe cervical dysplasia often require treatments that include removing or killing abnormal cervical tissue:

  • Cryosurgery freezes off cervical tissue.
  • Laser kills cervical tissue.
  • Scalpel removes cervical tissue by cutting it out.
  • LEEP electrically burns off tissue.
  • Hysterectomy (infrequently done) surgically removes the uterus with cervix.

You and your doctors can decide the best that address your individual problems.

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.