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Symptoms and Signs of Cervicitis

Doctor's Notes on Cervicitis
(Cervix Inflammation or Infection)

Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix, the part of the uterus which protrudes into the vagina. Many women that have cervicitis don’t know there is a problem because many women do not have any symptoms or signs. However, when symptoms and signs do occur, they may include one or more of the following:

Cervicitis has multiple causes; the following list is considered to be potential causes of cervicitis:

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

(Cervix Inflammation or Infection) Symptoms

Clinical cervicitis frequently has no signs or symptoms.

The most common sign of cervicitis is vaginal discharge, which is frequently heavier following menstruation. Other signs of cervicitis include:

  1. Vaginal bleeding
  2. Vaginal itching
  3. Irritation of the external genitals.
  4. Pain during intercourse.
  5. Bleeding or spotting after sexual intercourse or between periods.
  6. A burning sensation during urination
  7. Lower back or abdominal pain, sometimes felt only during sexual intercourse
  8. A more severe case of cervicitis can cause a profuse, pus-like (purulent) discharge with an unpleasant odor, accompanied by intense vaginal itching or abdominal pain.
  9. If the infection spreads to other organs, there may be accompanying fever, nausea, and abdominal pain.

(Cervix Inflammation or Infection) Causes

Cervicitis is more commonly due to infection than to non-infectious causes, and there are a variety of cervicitis causes and risk factors including:

Health Screening Tests Every Woman Needs Slideshow

Health Screening Tests Every Woman Needs Slideshow

Screening Catches Health Problems Early

Health screening tests are important for every woman. They can help detect problems with bone mineral density such as osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease, and other conditions in the earliest stages when they can be treated most effectively. Exams can detect abnormalities before symptoms are apparent. The types of tests a woman needs depend on her age, personal and family health history, and specific risk factors. Certain tests are recommended for every woman while others are individualized depending on additional risk factors.


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.