Doctor's Notes on Cervicitis
(Cervix Inflammation or Infection)
Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix, the part of the uterus which protrudes into the vagina. Many women that have cervicitis don’t know there is a problem because many women do not have any symptoms or signs. However, when symptoms and signs do occur, they may include one or more of the following:
- vaginal itching,
- vaginal bleeding,
- Irritation or inflammation of external genitalia,
- burning or discomfort during urination,
- pain during intercourse,
- bleeding or spotting after sexual intercourse,
- abdominal pain,
- low back pain, and
- vaginal discharge (may have an unpleasant odor).
Cervicitis has multiple causes; the following list is considered to be potential causes of cervicitis:
- vaginal infections,
- injury or irritation of the cervix such as inserting an intrauterine device,
- chemical irritation from douches,
- foreign bodies left in the vagina such as a tampon,
- allergic reactions (latex or condom allergies, allergies to contraceptives such as spermicides,
- infection with human papilloma virus (HPV),
- infection with herpesvirus,
- sexually transmitted diseases (S TDs) such as gonorrhea, chlamydia and/or trichomonas, and
- HIV infection.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.