Symptoms and Signs of Chemical Pneumonia

Doctor's Notes on Chemical Pneumonia

Chemical pneumonia is inflammation of lung tissue from exposure to poisons and/or toxins. Signs and symptoms of chemical pneumonia include one or more the following: burning of the nose eyes, lips, mouth and/or throat, dry cough, wet cough producing clear, yellow or green mucus, producing blood and/or frothy pick material in saliva, nausea and/or abdominal pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, painful breeding, headache, flu – like symptoms, weakness, delirium. Other possible signs and symptoms include rapid breathing, rapid pulse, skin burns, pale or cyanotic skin and/or lips, heavy sweating, unconsciousness, swelling of the eyes or tongue, hoarse voice, chemical odors and fever. Some individuals die from these exposures.

The causes of chemical pneumonia determine the severity of signs and symptoms along with other factors including type and strength of the chemical exposure, if the exposure is indoors, outdoors, in the heat or in a cold environment. Other major modifiers of causes of chemical pneumonia signs and symptoms include length of exposure, the form of the chemical (gas, vapor, particulate, or liquid), the age of the person, the person’s prior medical conditions and whether or not any protective measures were used to help avoid exposure to the chemical.

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Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.