Chest Pain: Chest pain has a variety of noncardiac and cardiac causes, some of which can be very serious. Signs and symptoms of chest pain may include burning, squeezing, or heaviness in the chest. Atherosclerosis, angina, lung tumors, chest trauma, abdominal pain, and gastric reflux are just a few potential causes of chest pain. Chest pain is diagnosed by taking the patient history and performing a physical exam. Blood work, imaging tests, and an exercise stress test may be ordered. The treatment and prognosis of chest pain depends on the underlying cause.
Ventricular Septal Defect Ventricular septal defect is a congenital heart condition in which there is a hole in the wall separating the ventricals, the two lower chambers of the heart. The hole allows oxygenated blood to mix with unoxygenated blood and recirculate. Left untreated by corrective surgery, this can cause the heart to work so hard it fails, along with a host of other problems including pulmonary hypertension.