Symptoms and Signs of Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. AML is also called acute myelogenous leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, and acute nonlymphocytic leukemia. Acute cancers worsen quickly if not treated.

Symptoms of childhood AML may include fever with or without an infection, night sweats, shortness of breath, weakness or tiredness, easy bruising or bleeding, petechiae (flat, pinpoint spots under the skin caused by bleeding), joint or bone pain, pain or feeling of fullness below the ribs, painless lumps that may be blue or purple (in the neck, underarm, stomach, groin, or other parts of the body), painless lumps that are around the eyes that may be blue-green, and an eczema-like skin rash. These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by childhood AML, childhood chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or by other conditions.

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REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.