Doctor's Notes on Childhood Craniopharyngioma
Childhood craniopharyngiomas are rare brain tumors found near the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus. They are usually part solid mass and part fluid-filled cyst. Childhood craniopharyngiomas are benign (not cancerous) but they may grow and press on nearby parts of the brain or other areas, including the pituitary gland, the optic chiasm, optic nerves, and fluid filled spaces in the brain, and can affect brain functions, hormone making, growth, and vision.
Symptoms of childhood craniopharyngiomas include headaches (including a morning headache or a headache that goes away after vomiting), vision changes, nausea and vomiting, loss of balance, difficulty walking, increase in thirst or urination, unusual sleepiness or changes in energy levels, changes in personality or behavior, short stature or slow growth, hearing loss, or weight gain.
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Brain CancerBrain cancer may develop in primary brain cells, in cells that form other brain components, or from the growth of cancer cells in other parts of the body that have spread to the brain. Symptoms include headache, seizures, weakness, and nausea and vomiting. Treatment depends upon the patient's age, overall health, and the size, type, location, and grade of the tumor.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.