Doctor's Notes on Chlamydia Infection
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection with Chlamydia trachomatisteria that is spread from person to person during sexual contact. It is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the U.S.
Symptoms of chlamydia infection are different in men and women. In many cases, women and men may have no symptoms of chlamydia infection and when symptoms do appear they occur several weeks after sexual contact. When symptoms of chlamydia occur in women they may include
- bleeding after sexual relations or between menstrual periods,
- lower abdominal pain,
- burning pain during urination, and
- vaginal discharge.
When symptoms of chlamydia occur in men they may include
- discharge from the penis,
- burning during urination,
- inflammation of infection of a duct in the testicles, and
- tenderness or pain in the testicles.
What Is the Treatment for Chlamydia?
Treatment for chlamydia requires antibiotics. Current guidelines for antibiotic treatment include:
- Doxycycline (Doryx) 100 mg orally 2 times/day for 7 days
- Azithromycin (Zithromax) 1 g orally in a single dose
- Levofloxacin (Levaquin) 500 mg orally once daily for 7 days
After treatment, patients should be abstinent or use a barrier method of contraception including condoms for one week. Symptoms usually resolve rapidly (within 2-3 days). If symptoms do not go away or return rapidly after treatment, patients should seek medical care for re-evaluation.
STD : Symptoms, Testing & List QuizQuestion
Condoms are the best protection from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).See Answer
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What Are Symptoms of Chlamydia in Men and Women?Most people infected with chlamydia have no symptoms, which can make it easy to spread the infection. When symptoms do occur, they can range from mild to severe. Men with chlamydia may experience penile discharge and swelling of the scrotum, while women may experience vaginal discharge and irregular bleeding, as well as pain during intercourse, among other symptoms.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.