©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information.

Symptoms and Signs of Chlamydia

Doctor's Notes on Chlamydia Symptoms, Transmission, and Cure

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection with Chlamydia trachomatisteria that is spread from person to person during sexual contact. It is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the U.S.

Symptoms of chlamydia infection are different in men and women. In many cases, women and men may have no symptoms of chlamydia infection and when symptoms do appear they occur several weeks after sexual contact. When symptoms of chlamydia occur in women they may include bleeding after sexual relations or between menstrual periods, lower abdominal pain, burning pain during urination, and vaginal discharge. When symptoms of chlamydia occur in men they may include discharge from the penis, pain, burning during urination, inflammation or infection of a duct in the testicles, and tenderness or pain in the testicles.

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Chlamydia Symptoms, Transmission, and Cure Symptoms

Symptoms of chlamydia infection depend on gender.

Chlamydia Symptoms in Women

Usually chalmydia caused no symptoms. When symptoms do occur they are bleeding after sexual relations or between menstrual periods, lower abdominal pain and burning pain during urination, and discharge from the vagina.

Chlamydia Symptoms in Men

Like women, men who are infected may not show symptoms of chlamydia, but when symptoms do occur, they are a discharge from the penis, pain, burning during urination, inflammation or infection of a duct in the testicles, and tenderness or pain in the testicles.

Estimates of those with no symptoms range from 25% to 50% of infected men.

Chlamydia Symptoms, Transmission, and Cure Causes

Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The infection is spread in two ways, from one person to another through sexual contact (oral, anal, or vaginal), or from mother to child with passage of the child through the birth canal. Chlamydia can cause pneumonia or serious eye infections in a newborn, especially among children born to infected mothers in developing countries.

STD Diagnosis, Images, Symptoms, Treatment Slideshow

STD Diagnosis, Images, Symptoms, Treatment Slideshow

It's not necessary to have sexual intercourse to get a sexually-transmitted disease (STD). The human papillomavirus (HPV) that causes genital warts can be transmitted by close skin-to-skin contact. Some types of HPVs cause cervical or anal cancer, and vaccines are available to protect against the most dangerous types. Other HPV types cause genital warts, which can be raised, flat, or cauliflower-shaped. HPV infection can occur in people who have no symptoms or visible warts.


HPV Symptoms

  • Genital warts can be big or small, flat or raised. They generally appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital region, and may be shaped like a cauliflower.

HPV Vaccine

  • A vaccine to prevent HPV is given in three shots. The second shot is given a month or two after the first shot. The third shot comes six months after the first shot.
  • The Centers for Disease Control recommends boys and girls be vaccinated at ages 11 or 12.
  • If they did not get the HPV vaccine as children, women can get the HPV vaccine through age 26. Men can get it through age 21. The CDC recommends HPV vaccination for men through age 26 for men who have sex with men or men with compromised immune systems, including HIV.

REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.

CONTINUE SCROLLING FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW