Symptoms and Signs of Chlamydia Infection

Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Medically Reviewed on 9/10/2021

Doctor's Notes on Chlamydia Infection

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection with Chlamydia trachomatisteria that is spread from person to person during sexual contact. It is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the U.S. 

Symptoms of chlamydia infection are different in men and women. In many cases, women and men may have no symptoms of chlamydia infection and when symptoms do appear they occur several weeks after sexual contact. When symptoms of chlamydia occur in women they may include

When symptoms of chlamydia occur in men they may include

  • discharge from the penis,
  • pain,
  • burning during urination,
  • inflammation of infection of a duct in the testicles, and
  • tenderness or pain in the testicles.

What Is the Treatment for Chlamydia?

Patients or sexual partners of suspected patients should be tested for chlamydia and other concomitant sexually transmitted disease (HIV, gonorrhea, syphilis). 

Treatment for chlamydia requires antibiotics. Current guidelines for antibiotic treatment include:

After treatment, patients should be abstinent or use a barrier method of contraception including condoms for one week. Symptoms usually resolve rapidly (within 2-3 days). If symptoms do not go away or return rapidly after treatment, patients should seek medical care for re-evaluation. 

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.