Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (cont.)
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What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
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Most people with COPD have smoked at least 10 to 20 cigarettes per day for 20 or more years before experiencing any symptoms. Thus, COPD is typically not diagnosed until the fifth decade of life (in people aged 40 to 49 years).
Common signs and symptoms of COPD are as follows:
The following may occur as COPD worsens:
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) Program began in 1998 with revisions in 2001, 2006, 2010, and most recently, 2014. This worldwide group has attempted to standardize the nomenclature and treatment recommendations for COPD. Their staging system is as follows; all patients have an FEV1/FVC ratio of <70%
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/29/2015
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COPD - Diagnosis
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COPD - Medications
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COPD - Experience
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Symptoms
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COPD - Treatment
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