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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Topic Guide

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung condition in which there is a long-lasting obstruction of the airways, and occurs with emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or asthma. Causes of COPD include cigarette smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke and environmental tobacco smoke, Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, airway hyper-responsiveness, and air pollution. Symptoms of COPD include a productive cough and acute chest illness, shortness of breath, wheezing, heart failure, cyanosis, and weight loss. Treatment of COPD includes medications, oxygen therapy, surgery, and lung transplant.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Topic Guide - Visuals

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins

Medications:

roflumilast Roflumilast

Roflumilast reduces inflammation in the lungs that leads to COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

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formoterol and mometasone Formoterol And Mometasone

Formoterol is a long-acting bronchodilator. Mometasone is a steroid...learn more »

indacaterol (inhalation) Indacaterol (inhalation)

Indacaterol is a bronchodilator. It works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing...learn more »

varenicline Varenicline

Varenicline is a smoking cessation medicine. It is used together with behavior modification and counseling support to help you stop smoking...learn more »

tiotropium inhalation Tiotropium Inhalation

Tiotropium inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to prevent bronchospasm (narrowing of the airways in the lungs) in adults with COPD (chronic obstructi...learn more »

budesonide and formoterol inhalation Budesonide And Formoterol Inhalation

Budesonide is a steroid that reduces inflammation in the body. Formoterol is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways to improve breathing...learn more »

fluticasone and salmeterol (inhalation) Fluticasone And Salmeterol (inhalation)

Fluticasone and salmeterol inhalation is a steroid and bronchodilator combination medicine that is used to prevent asthma attacks. It is also used to preven...learn more »

budesonide inhalation Budesonide Inhalation

Budesonide inhalation is a steroid that is used to prevent asthma attacks...learn more »

amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and lansoprazole Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, And Lansoprazole

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic. Clarithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic. These antibiotics fight bacteria in the body...learn more »

ipratropium (nasal) Ipratropium (nasal)

Ipratropium nasal (for the nose) works by reducing mucus secretions in the nose...learn more »

salmeterol (inhalation) Salmeterol (inhalation)

Salmeterol is a bronchodilator. It works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing...learn more »

fluticasone inhalation Fluticasone Inhalation

Fluticasone inhalation is a steroid that is used to prevent asthma attacks in adults and children. Fluticasone inhalation is sometimes used together with st...learn more »

prednisone Prednisone

Prednisone is a steroid that reduces inflammation in the body, and also suppresses your immune system...learn more »

nicotine (transdermal) Nicotine (transdermal)

Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products...learn more »

nicotine (nasal, inhalation) Nicotine (nasal, Inhalation)

Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products...learn more »

nicotine (oral/patches/nasal) Nicotine (oral/patches/nasal)

Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products...learn more »

ipratropium inhalation Ipratropium Inhalation

Ipratropium is a bronchodilator that is used to to prevent bronchospasm in people with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including bronchitis and...learn more »

bupropion (oral) Bupropion (oral)

Bupropion is an antidepressant medication used to treat major depressive disorder and seasonal affective disorder. The Zyban brand of bupropion is us...learn more »

theophylline Theophylline

Theophylline is a bronchodilator. It works by relaxing muscles in the lungs and chest, making the lungs less sensitive to allergens and other causes of bronc...learn more »

sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole And Trimethoprim

Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim is a combination antibiotic used to treat ear infections, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, shigel...learn more »

clarithromycin Clarithromycin

Clarithromycin is an antibiotic that is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections affecting the skin and respiratory system.

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amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium Amoxicillin And Clavulanate Potassium

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body...learn more »

prednisolone Prednisolone

Prednisolone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »

cefaclor Cefaclor

Cefoxitin is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic. It works by fighting bacteria in your body...learn more »