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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Symptoms and 4 Stages Topic Guide

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung condition in which there is a long-lasting obstruction of the airways, and occurs with emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and/or asthma. Causes of COPD include cigarette smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke and environmental tobacco smoke, Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, airway hyper-responsiveness, and air pollution. Symptoms of COPD include a productive cough and acute chest illness, shortness of breath, wheezing, heart failure, cyanosis, and weight loss. Treatment of COPD includes medications, oxygen therapy, surgery, and lung transplant.

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Topic Guide - Visuals

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins

Medications:

roflumilast Roflumilast

Roflumilast reduces inflammation in the lungs that leads to COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

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formoterol and mometasone Formoterol And Mometasone

Formoterol is a long-acting bronchodilator. Mometasone is a steroid...learn more »

indacaterol (inhalation) Indacaterol (inhalation)

Indacaterol inhalation is used to control the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

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varenicline Varenicline

Varenicline is a smoking cessation medicine. It is used together with behavior modification and counseling support to help you stop smoking...learn more »

tiotropium inhalation Tiotropium Inhalation

Tiotropium inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to prevent bronchospasm (narrowing of the airways in the lungs) in adults with COPD (chronic obstructi...learn more »

budesonide and formoterol inhalation Budesonide And Formoterol Inhalation

Formoterol is a long-acting bronchodilator. Budesonide is a steroid...learn more »

fluticasone and salmeterol (inhalation) Fluticasone And Salmeterol (inhalation)

Fluticasone and salmeterol inhalation is a steroid and bronchodilator combination medicine that is used to prevent asthma attacks. It is also used to preven...learn more »

budesonide inhalation Budesonide Inhalation

Budesonide inhalation is a steroid that is used to prevent asthma attacks...learn more »

amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and lansoprazole Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, And Lansoprazole

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic. Clarithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic. These antibiotics fight bacteria in the body...learn more »

ipratropium (nasal) Ipratropium (nasal)

Ipratropium nasal (for the nose) works by reducing mucus secretions in the nose...learn more »

salmeterol (inhalation) Salmeterol (inhalation)

Salmeterol inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to prevent asthma attacks or exercise-induced bronchospasm...learn more »

fluticasone inhalation Fluticasone Inhalation

Fluticasone inhalation is a steroid that is used to prevent asthma attacks in adults and children. Fluticasone inhalation is sometimes used together with st...learn more »

prednisone Prednisone

Prednisone is a steroid that reduces inflammation in the body, and also suppresses your immune system...learn more »

nicotine (transdermal) Nicotine (transdermal)

Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products...learn more »

nicotine (nasal, inhalation) Nicotine (nasal, Inhalation)

Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products...learn more »

nicotine (oral/patches/nasal) Nicotine (oral/patches/nasal)

Nicotine is the primary ingredient in tobacco products...learn more »

ipratropium inhalation Ipratropium Inhalation

Ipratropium is a bronchodilator that is used to to prevent bronchospasm in people with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including bronchitis and...learn more »

theophylline Theophylline

Theophylline is a bronchodilator that is used to treat symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and other breathing problems...learn more »

sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole And Trimethoprim

Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim is a combination antibiotic used to treat ear infections, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, shigel...learn more »

clarithromycin Clarithromycin

Clarithromycin is an antibiotic that is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections affecting the skin and respiratory system.

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amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium Amoxicillin And Clavulanate Potassium

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body...learn more »

prednisolone Prednisolone

Prednisolone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »

cefaclor Cefaclor

Cefoxitin is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic. It works by fighting bacteria in your body...learn more »

bupropion (oral) Bupropion (oral)

Bupropion is an antidepressant used to treat major depressive disorder and seasonal affective disorder. The Zyban brand of bupropion is used to help ...learn more »