Adatoda, Adhatoda vasica, Adhatoda zeylenica, Adotodai, Adulsa, Arusa, Justicia adhatoda, Malabar Nut Tree, Noix de Malabar, Noyer de Ceylan, Noyer de Malabar, Pavettia, Vasaka.
Cilantro refers to the leaves of the coriander plant. It is commonly eaten as a food or used as a spice. Cilantro can also be used as a medicine.
In foods, cilantro is used as a flavoring agent.
How does it work?
Cilantro might help remove metals such as mercury, lead, and aluminum from the body. Removing these metals from the body might help some antibiotics and antiviral medicines work better. Cilantro might also help eliminate certain bacteria that cause infections.
Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).
Cilantro is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in food amounts. However, some people might experience food allergies after eating cilantro. There is one report of hives, facial swelling, and throat swelling in a man who ate cilantro.
When cilantro comes in contact with the skin, it can cause hives or itching.
There isn't enough information to know if cilantro is safe when taken as a medicine.
Surgery: Cilantro might slow blood clotting. There is a concern that it might increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery when eaten in large amounts. Stop using large amounts of cilantro at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
The appropriate dose of cilantro depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for cilantro. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Aga, M., Iwaki, K., Ueda, Y., Ushio, S., Masaki, N., Fukuda, S., Kimoto, T., Ikeda, M., and Kurimoto, M. Preventive effect of Coriandrum sativum (Chinese parsley) on localized lead deposition in ICR mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;77(2-3):203-208. View abstract.
Ashwood-Smith, M. J., Warrington, P. J., Jenkins, M., Ceska, O., and Romaniuk, P. J. Photobiological properties of a novel, naturally occurring furoisocoumarin, coriandrin. Photochem.Photobiol. 1989;50(6):745-751. View abstract.
Bajpai, M., Mishra, A., and Prakash, D. Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of some leafy vegetables. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2005;56(7):473-481. View abstract.
Birkett, M. A., Dodds, C. J., Henderson, I. F., Leake, L. D., Pickett, J. A., Selby, M. J., and Watson, P. Antifeedant compounds from three species of Apiaceae active against the field slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Muller). J Chem.Ecol. 2004;30(3):563-576. View abstract.
Consoli, R. A., Mendes, N. M., Pereira, J. P., Santos, Bde S., and Lamounier, M. A. [Effect of several extracts derived from plants on the survival of larvae of Aedes fluviatilis (Lutz) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory]. Mem.Inst.Oswaldo Cruz 1988;83(1):87-93. View abstract.
Delaquis, P. J., Stanich, K., Girard, B., and Mazza, G. Antimicrobial activity of individual and mixed fractions of dill, cilantro, coriander and eucalyptus essential oils. Int.J Food Microbiol. 3-25-2002;74(1-2):101-109. View abstract.
Devadas, Rajammal P., Chandrasekhar, U., Premakumari, S., and Saishree, R. Consumption pattern of carotene rich foods and development of a year calendar. Biomed.Environ.Sci. 1996;9(2-3):213-222. View abstract.
Kobori, C. N. and Amaya, D. B. Uncultivated Brazilian green leaves are richer sources of carotenoids than are commercially produced leafy vegetables. Food Nutr.Bull. 2008;29(4):320-328. View abstract.
Msaada, K., Hosni, K., Taarit, M. B., Chahed, T., and Marzouk, B. Variations in the essential oil composition from different parts of Coriandrum sativum L. cultivated in Tunisia. Ital.J Biochem. 2007;56(1):47-52. View abstract.
Omura, Y. and Beckman, S. L. Role of mercury (Hg) in resistant infections & effective treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis and Herpes family viral infections (and potential treatment for cancer) by removing localized Hg deposits with Chinese parsley and delivering effective antibiotics using various drug uptake enhancement methods. Acupunct.Electrother.Res 1995;20(3-4):195-229. View abstract.
Radek, M. and Savage, G. P. Oxalates in some Indian green leafy vegetables. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2008;59(3):246-260. View abstract.
Sreelatha, S., Padma, P. R., and Umadevi, M. Protective effects of Coriandrum sativum extracts on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Food Chem.Toxicol 2009;47(4):702-708. View abstract.
Stashenko, E. E., Puertas, M. A., and Martinez, J. R. SPME determination of volatile aldehydes for evaluation of in-vitro antioxidant activity. Anal.Bioanal.Chem. 2002;373(1-2):70-74. View abstract.
Zuskin, E., Kanceljak, B., Skuric, Z., Pokrajac, D., Schachter, E. N., Witek, T. J., and Maayani, S. Immunological and respiratory findings in spice-factory workers. Environ.Res 1988;47(1):95-108. View abstract.
Cai Y, Bennett D, Nair RV, et al. Inhibition and inactivation of murine hepatic ethoxy- and pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase by naturally occurring coumarins. Chem Res Toxicol. 1993;6(6):872-9. View abstract.
Cortes-Eslava J, Gomez-Arroyo S, Villalobos-Pietrini R, Espinosa-Aguirre JJ. Antimutagenicity of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) juice on the mutagenesis produced by plant metabolites of aromatic amines. Toxicol Lett. 2004;153(2):283-92. View abstract.
Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=182
Eyres G, Dufour JP, Hallifax G, et al. Identification of character-impact odorants in coriander and wild coriander leaves using gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC x GC-TOFMS). J Sep Sci. 2005;28(9-10):1061-74. View abstract.
Fan X, Sokorai KJ. Changes in volatile compounds of gamma-irradiated fresh cilantro leaves during cold storage. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50(26):7622-6. View abstract.
Fukuda S, Shimotsuura Y, Omura Y. Scavenging effect of cilantro (Coriandrum sativuai) on localized lead deposition in ICR mice. Acupuncture Electrother Res. 2000;25:221.
Kerton M, Newbury HJ, Hand D, Pritchard J. Accumulation of calcium in the centre of leaves of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is due to an uncoupling of water and ion transport. J Exp Bot. 2009;60(1):227-35. View abstract.
Kubo I, Fujita K, Kubo A, et al. Antibacterial activity of coriander volatile compounds against Salmonella choleraesuis. J Agric Food Chem 2004;52:3329-32. View abstract.
Mauer L, El-Sohemy A. Prevalence of cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) disliking among different ethnocultural groups. Flavour. 2012;1:8.
Morales-Payan JP. "Herbs and leaf crops: Cilantro, broadleaf cilantro, and vegetable amaranth." Soils, Plant Growth, and Crop Production, Vol. 3. ED. Verheye WH. Oxford UK: Eolss Publishers, 2011. 1-28.
Omura Y, Shimotsuura Y, Fukuoka A, et al. Significant mercury deposits in internal organs following the removal of dental amalgam, & development of pre-cancer on the gingiva and the sides of the tongue and their represented organs as a result of inadvertent exposure to strong curing light (used to solidify synthetic dental filling material) & effective treatment: a clinical case report, along with organ representation areas for each tooth. Acupunct Electrother Res. 1996;21(2):133-60. View abstract.
Omura Y. Asbestos as a possible major cause of malignant lung tumors (including small cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma & mesothelioma), brain tumors (i.e. astrocytoma & glioblastoma multiforme), many other malignant tumors, intractable pain including fibromyalgia, & some cardio-vascular pathology: Safe & effective methods of reducing asbestos from normal & pathological areas. Acupunct Electrother Res. 2006;31(1-2):61-125. View abstract.
Omura Y. New effective treatment of cancer and pre-cancer using cilantro to remove cell nuclear mercury in combination with an anti-viral agent such as a mixture of EPA and DHA and/or some propolis, with selective drug uptake enhancement method. Acupunct Electrother Res. 1997;22(1):67.
Singh G, Kawatra A, Sehgal S. Nutritional composition of selected green leafy vegetables, herbs and carrots. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2001;56(4):359-64. View abstract.
Suneetha WJ, Krishnakantha TP. Antiplatelet activity of coriander and curry leaf spices. Pharm Biol. 2005;43(3):230-3.
To Quynh CT, Iijima Y, Kubota K. Influence of the isolation procedure on coriander leaf volatiles with some correlation to the enzymatic activity. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;58(2):1093-9. View abstract.
Unkle DW, Ricketti AJ, Ricketti PA, Cleri DJ, Vernaleo JR. C. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2012;109(6):471-2. View abstract.
Zabihi E, Abdollahi M. Endocrinotoxicity induced by Coriandrum sativa: a case report. WHO Drug Information. 2001;16:15.