Doctor's Notes on Clostridium Difficile
(C. difficile, C. diff)
Clostridium difficile colitis is an infection of the colon by the bacterium, Clostridium difficile (C. difficile). Colitis refers to inflammation of the large intestine (colon). The inflammation of C. difficile colitis is due to its production of toxins that damage the lining of the colon. The most common cause of C. difficile colitis is treatment with antibiotics, because the antibiotics likely suppress the normal colonic bacteria that keep C. difficile from growing.
Signs and symptoms of C. difficile colitis are diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. In severe cases, associated complications can include dehydration, rupture of the colon, and spread of the infection to the abdominal cavity or elsewhere in the body. Severe infection may be life-threatening.
Pancreatitis : Test Your Medical IQ QuizQuestion
Pancreatitis is inflammation of an organ in the abdomen called the pancreas.See Answer
Must Read Articles:
Abdominal Pain (Adults)Abdominal pain in adults can range from a mild stomach ache to severe pain. Examples of causes of abdominal pain in adults include appendicitis, gallbladder disease, gastric ulcers, pancreatitis, heart attack, kidney stones, diverticulitis, shingles, spider bites, and more. Information about when to seek medical care for abdominal pain is also provided.
ColicDoctors have yet to discover the causes of infant colic, described as excessive crying in an otherwise healthy baby. Symptoms and signs include clenching fists, arching the back, reddening of the face, passing gas, belching, and extending the legs. Treatment may involve administering simethicone drops, changing the baby's diet, trying an alternative formula, massaging the infant, rocking and swaddling the infant, and playing relaxing music.
Crohn's Disease (Crohn)Crohn's disease (Crohn disease) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and is a chronic long-term inflammation of the digestive tract. The cause of Crohn's disease is unknown. Symptoms of Crohn's disease include diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, bloating, and infections of the urinary tract and vagina. Treatment for Crohn's disease includes lifestyle changes in diet, medication, and surgery.
DiarrheaDiarrhea can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, parasites, intestinal diseases or conditions, reactions to medications, and food intolerance or allergies. Symptoms of diarrhea include watery stools, abdominal cramping, fever, and dehydration. Most cases of diarrhea can be treated at home. In some cases (in the elderly, small children, or those with severe or chronic medical conditions) may need to be hospitalized due to dehydration.
How Do You Get C. diff (Clostridium difficile)?C. diff (Clostridium difficile) is contagious. While most cases are caused by antibiotic use, people can also get C. difficile infection from touching infected people or surfaces and not washing their hands. Even if people have no symptoms of C. diff infection, they can still spread the infection to others.
Stomach Pain (Abdominal Pain) in ChildrenAbdominal pain in children can range from trivial to life-threatening. Symptoms of abdominal pain range from vomiting, diarrhea, fever, groin pain, urinary problems, or skin rash. The location of the abdominal pain may be around the belly button, occurs only at night, while eating. The pain pain also may be intermittent. Treatment of abdominal pain in children is depends on the cause. Possible causes of abdominal pain in children include infections, food related (food allergy or food poisoning), poisoning from medication, food, household products, appendicitis, diabetes, or spider bites.
Stool Color ChangesStool color changes and textures to black, tarry, sticky, red, maroon, clay-colored, gray, pale, and yellow can have a variety of causes. Causes include hemorrhoids, pancreatitis, tumors, alcohol abuse, liver disease, cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, cancers, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticular bleeding due to diverticulitis, medication, changes in diet, and other conditions. Treatment of changes in stool color depend on the cause.
Ulcerative ColitisUlcerative colitis (UC) is an acute or chronic inflammation of the membranes that line the colon. Symptoms of UC include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, urgency for a bowel movement, fever, fatigue, and lack of appetite. Treatment for UC include medication and lifestyle changes. On occasion, surgery may be a necessary treatment for ulcerative colitis.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.