©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information.

Clostridium Difficile
(C. difficile, C. diff) Topic Guide

Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile) Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile): Clostridium difficile (or C. difficile, C. diff) colitis is an infection of the colon. C. diff infection is most commonly associated with antibiotic use. Another common name is pseudomembranous colitis. C. diff bacteria is commonly found on items such as floors, bedpans, phones, and fingernails, etc. C. diff infection causes are use of certain antibiotics. Risk factors for C. diff infection include hospitalization, age, and chronic medical conditions. Treatment is generally with another antibiotic.

Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins


vancomycin Vancomycin

Vancomycin is an antibiotic. Oral (taken by mouth) vancomycin fights bacteria in the intestines...learn more »

cephalexin Cephalexin

Cephalexin is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections of the lungs, ear, skin, bones, bladder, and kidneys....learn more »

amoxicillin Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria...learn more »

cefprozil Cefprozil

Cefprozil is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic. It works by fighting bacteria in your body...learn more »

erythromycin Erythromycin

Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body...learn more »

tetracycline Tetracycline

Tetracycline is an antibiotic that fights infection caused by bacteria...learn more »

ciprofloxacin (oral) Ciprofloxacin (oral)

Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone (flor-o-KWIN-o-lone) antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat different types of bacte...learn more »

ampicillin Ampicillin

Ampicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that is used to treat or prevent many different types of infections such as bladder infections, pneumonia, gonorrhea, m...learn more »