Symptoms and Signs of Common Causes of Colitis

Doctor's Notes on Common Causes of Colitis

Colitis refers to inflammation of the lining of the large intestine (large bowel or colon). There are a number of different causes of colitis. Some types of colitis include

Symptoms of colitis arise due to the inflammation present in the bowel wall. Signs and symptoms include

  •  abdominal pain,
  • abdominal cramping,
  • diarrhea, and
  • blood in the stool (either visible to the naked eye or detected by a laboratory test).

Depending on the cause of the colitis, other symptoms can occur. Associated signs and symptoms can include

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 5/25/2020


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.