Doctor's Notes on Common Causes of Colitis
- infectious colitis,
- inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease),
- microscopic colitis, and
- ischemic colitis, in which tissue death occurs due to a reduction in blood supply to the colon.
Symptoms of colitis arise due to the inflammation present in the bowel wall. Signs and symptoms include
- abdominal pain,
- abdominal cramping,
- diarrhea, and
- blood in the stool (either visible to the naked eye or detected by a laboratory test).
Depending on the cause of the colitis, other symptoms can occur. Associated signs and symptoms can include
- canker sores,
- ulcers at other sites in the gastrointestinal tract,
- joint pain and swelling, and
- inflammation of the eyes.
Ulcerative Colitis : Diet, Symptoms & Treatment QuizQuestion
Ulcerative colitis affects the colon. The colon is also referred to as the...See Answer
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.