Symptoms and Signs of Common Causes of Colitis

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 5/25/2020

Doctor's Notes on Common Causes of Colitis

Colitis refers to inflammation of the lining of the large intestine (large bowel or colon). There are a number of different causes of colitis. Some types of colitis include

Symptoms of colitis arise due to the inflammation present in the bowel wall. Signs and symptoms include

  •  abdominal pain,
  • abdominal cramping,
  • diarrhea, and
  • blood in the stool (either visible to the naked eye or detected by a laboratory test).

Depending on the cause of the colitis, other symptoms can occur. Associated signs and symptoms can include

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.