Common Causes of Colitis Topic Guide

Colitis Colitis : Colitis is an inflammation of the colon. There are many cause of colitis, infectious colitis (bacterial or viral), ischemic colitis, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), microscopic colitis (lymphocytic and collagenous), and chemical colitis. Symptoms of colitis are generally diarrhea (may be bloody) and abdominal pain and/or cramping. Treatment of colitis depends upon the cause.

Must Read Articles:

Colitis Topic Guide - Visuals

Colitis Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins

Medications:

hyoscyamine Hyoscyamine

Hyoscyamine is used to treat many different stomach and intestinal disorders, including peptic ulcer and irritable bowel syndrome. It is also used to contro...learn more »

sulfasalazine Sulfasalazine

Sulfasalazine is used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC), and to decrease the frequency of UC attacks. Sulfasalazine will not cure ulcerative colitis, ...learn more »

prednisone Prednisone

Prednisone is a steroid that reduces inflammation in the body, and also suppresses your immune system...learn more »

hydrocortisone rectal (foam, enema) Hydrocortisone Rectal (foam, Enema)

Hydrocortisone rectal (foam or enema) is a steroid medicine that is used with other medicines to treat ulcerative colitis and its effects on the lower intest...learn more »

dexamethasone (injection) Dexamethasone (injection)

Dexamethasone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »

dexamethasone (oral) Dexamethasone (oral)

There are many brands and forms of dexamethasone available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet...learn more »

atropine Atropine

Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery...learn more »

prednisolone Prednisolone

Prednisolone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation...learn more »