Colon Cancer and Genetic Testing: Genetic tests can determine the risk of colon cancer in people who have a history of the disease in their family; there are specific gene mutations researchers have discovered. Unfortunately, this is only helpful to a minority of patients because familial colon cancer comprises only about five percent of colon cancer cases.
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Colon CancerThe human colon is a muscular, tube-shaped organ measuring about 4 feet long. It extends from the end of your small bowel to your anus. Most colon cancers start as adenomatous polyps that turn into adenocarcinomas. Colon cancer (bowel cancer) is typically diagnosed through a colonoscopy or other type of endoscopic procedures. Treatment methods include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
Colon PolypsColon polyps are growths on the surface of the colon or large intestine. Learn about symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.
ColonoscopyColonoscopy is a procedure used to view the inside of the colon. Reasons for colonoscopy is to detect or diagnose diseases of the colon, for example, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, other types of colitis, colon polyps, colon cancer, diverticulitis, and other bowel and rectal diseases. Risks for colonoscopy include colon perforation, infection, or bleeding.
Diet and Nutrition in Crohn DiseasePeople with Crohn's disease have many challenges, particularly their dietary and nutritional needs. Some foods may aggravate symptoms, while other foods may not cause problems. Malnutrition is a concern with people with Crohn's disease. Foods that may aggravate symptoms include high fiber foods like popcorn, nuts, and vegetables, alcohol, milk and other dairy products, spicy foods, fatty foods, and fried foods. Often, a parenteral nutrition (TPN) or elemental diet may be recommended to reduce symptoms of Crohn's disease.
Types and List of Genetic DiseasesGenetic diseases and disorders are caused by a change in the DNA sequence. The 4 types of genetic diseases are; 1) single-gene inheritance (monogenic disorder); 2) mutations in multiple genes (multifactorial inheritance disorder; 3) damage to chromosomes or chromosome abnormalities, and 4) mitochondrial genetic inheritance disorders caused by gene mutations and environmental factors. A list of examples of genetic diseases or disorders include cystic fibrosis, sickle-cell anemia, Maple syrup urine disease, and Down syndrome.
Colon Polyps Colon polyps are growths on the surface of the colon or large intestine. Learn about symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.
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