Colon Polyps Symptoms, Causes, Types, and Cancer Risk Topic Guide

Colon Polyps Colon Polyps: Colon polyps are growths that occur on the surface of the colon and rectum (often called colorectal polyps). Colon polyps usually do not cause symptoms, however, when they do, they include bleeding from your rectum, blood in your stool, and feeling tired

There are three main types of colon polyps; 1) adenomas (the type of polyp that has a greater risk of becoming precancerous or cancer), 2) a group of hereditary conditions that produce polyps (polyposis syndromes), and 3) hyperplastic colon polyps, the most common of the three types. Hyperplastic colon polyps are the most common type of polyp, and usually are not cancerous (benign). Researchers do not know exactly what causes colon polyps, but they do know who are more likely to get them. You may have a higher risk of getting colon polyps if you, eat a diet high in red and processed meats; have a history of inflammatory bowel disease or IBD, for example, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease; have certain inherited conditions; and have a family history of colon polyps or colon cancer. Blood tests, procedures like colonoscopies, and colon tissue biopsies help gastroenterologists (doctors who specialize in diseases of the digestive system or gastrointestinal tract) diagnose colon polyps. Treatment of colon polyps depends upon the type and size.

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