Doctor's Notes on Cuts or Lacerations
Cuts and lacerations are terms for the same condition. A cut is a skin wound that results in separation of the skin, often caused by a sharp object (such as a knife or a shard of glass). A laceration refers to a torn or jagged wound that also tends to be caused by sharp objects or blunt force.Symptoms that may accompany cuts and lacerations include bleeding, infection (signs of infection include severe pain, draining pus, redness beyond the wound edges, fever and chills, or excessive wound swelling), inflammation and minor redness in the skin around the injury, pain, damage to structures beneath the skin; exposure of underlying tissues such as fat, tendon, muscle, or bone if the cut is deep; fainting at the sight of blood (this is a neurological reaction in which a reflex slowing of the heart causes a low blood pressure called vasovagal syncope), and possible future scars.
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Removing Stitches (Sutures)Stitches or sutures are methods used to close wounds, cuts, lacerations, or surgical procedures. There are two types of sutures, absorbable and nonabsorbable. Other methods of closing open wounds include surgical staples, skin closure tape, and adhesive agents. Sutures should be removed by a health care professional. Complications from sutures include keloids, wound infection or reopening, excessive scarring, and hypertrophic scars.
Stitches and Sutures for Wounds and LacerationsStitches are often required to help deep wounds heal and prevent major scarring. Other methods are available to surgeons and ER doctors as well, however. Depending on the wound, doctors can choose from several options for closure, including: skin glue (Dermabond), sutures (stitches), or staples
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.