Cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure in which a tiny camera tool (cystoscope) is inserted into the patient's urethra to inspect Cystoscopy is the use of a scope (cystoscope) to examine the bladder and ureters for abnormalities or to assist with surgery. Cystoscopy causes pain and light bleeding for about 24 hours after the procedure. Cystoscopy causes pain and other common symptoms like fever and light bleeding. Home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs can help relieve pain after the procedure. the bladder for cancer or other abnormalities.