Dementia, Symptoms, Warning Signs, Types, Causes, and Treatment Topic Guide

Dementia (Loss of Memory) Dementia (Loss of Memory): Dementia is the loss of reasoning, memory, and other mental abilities. Dementia may be caused by irreversible causes such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's dementia, Lewy body dementia, and vascular dementia. There are also treatable causes of dementia such as infections, head injury, normal hydrocephalus, and metabolic and hormonal disorders.

Early symptoms of dementia include forgetting appointments and names, losing things, difficulties performing familiar tasks (driving, cooking, household chores), personality changes, mood swings, paranoia, and suspiciousness. There are 7 types of dementia.

A variety of tests (blood tests, scans, assessment of family history) may be used to diagnose dementia. Treatment may include medication and behavioral therapy.

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Dementia (Loss of Memory) Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins

Medications:

memantine Memantine

Memantine reduces the actions of chemicals in the brain that may contribute to the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease...learn more »

galantamine Galantamine

Galantamine improves the function of nerve cells in the brain. It works by preventing the breakdown of a chemical called acetylcholine (ah see til KO leen). ...learn more »

ziprasidone Ziprasidone

Ziprasidone is an antipsychotic medicine that is used to treat schizophrenia and the manic symptoms of bipolar disorder (manic depression)...learn more »

rivastigmine transdermal Rivastigmine Transdermal

Rivastigmine transdermal (skin patch) is used to treat mild to moderate dementia caused by Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease...learn more »

rivastigmine Rivastigmine

Rivastigmine is used to treat mild to moderate dementia caused by Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease...learn more »

citalopram (oral) Citalopram (oral)

Citalopram is an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

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quetiapine Quetiapine

Quetiapine is an antipsychotic medicine that is used to treat schizophrenia in adults and children who are at least 13 years old...learn more »

donepezil (oral) Donepezil (oral)

Donepezil is used to help improve mental function in people with Alzheimer's disease...learn more »

olanzapine Olanzapine

Olanzapine is an antipsychotic medication that affects chemicals in the brain...learn more »

lamotrigine Lamotrigine

Lamotrigine is an anti-epileptic medication, also called an anticonvulsant...learn more »

gabapentin Gabapentin

Gabapentin is an anti-epileptic drug, also called an anticonvulsant. It affects chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved in the cause of seizures ...learn more »

risperidone (oral) Risperidone (oral)

Risperidone is a antipsychotic medicine that works by changing the effects of chemicals in the brain...learn more »

paroxetine Paroxetine

Paroxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant.

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methylphenidate (transdermal) Methylphenidate (transdermal)

Methylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant that is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...learn more »

methylphenidate Methylphenidate

Methylphenidate is used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy...learn more »

sertraline Sertraline

Sertraline is an antidepressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Sertraline affects chemicals in the brain that m...learn more »

fluoxetine Fluoxetine

Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) antidepressant. Fluoxetine affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people wi...learn more »

valproic acid Valproic Acid

Valproic acid affects chemicals in the body that may be involved in causing seizures...learn more »

carbamazepine (oral) Carbamazepine (oral)

Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant. It works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain...learn more »

haloperidol Haloperidol

Haloperidol is an antipsychotic medicine. It works by changing the actions of chemicals in your brain...learn more »