Diabetes (Mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2) (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Is It Possible to Prevent Diabetes?
It is not yet known how to prevent type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, however, can be prevented in some cases.
If you or someone you know already has diabetes, focus on preventing complications, which can cause serious disabilities such as blindness, kidney failure requiring dialysis, amputation, or even death.
What Is the Prognosis of Diabetes?
Diabetes is a leading cause of death in all industrialized nations. Overall, the risk of premature death of people with diabetes is twice that of people who do not have diabetes. Prognosis depends on the type of diabetes, degree of blood sugar control, and development of complications.
Type 1 diabetes
About 15% of people with type 1 diabetes die before age 40 years, which is about 20 times the rate of that age group in the general population.
Type 2 diabetes
The life expectancy of people who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes during their 40s decreases by five to 10 years because of the disease.
What Types of Health-Care Providers Treat Diabetes?
Most primary-care providers have experience managing diabetes, including internists, gynecologists, and family practitioners. Specialists in diabetes care are called endocrinologists or diabetologists. You can locate the endocrinologist(s) in your area using the "Find an Endocrinologist" search engine online at the Hormone Health Network (http://www.hormone.org). You can locate a pediatric endocrinologist for diabetic youth using the "Find a Doctor" search engine of the Pediatric Endocrine Society (http://www.pedsendo.org/patients_families/find_a_doctor/index.cfm).
Are There Support Groups and Counseling for People With Diabetes?
You may wish to join a support group with other people to share your experiences. The American Diabetes Association and Hormone Health Network are excellent resources. Your health-care provider will have information about local groups in your area. The following groups also provide support:
American Association of Diabetes Educators
American Dietetic Association
Hormone Health Network
REFERENCE: MedscapeReference.com. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/3/2016
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