Diabetes Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ

Reviewed by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP on October 23, 2017
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Diabetes is defined best as...

Diabetes mellitus, often referred to simply as diabetes, is a group of metabolic conditions characterized by elevated levels of blood sugar. Diabetes results from problems with insulin action or secretion from the pancreas.

A metabolic disease characterized by low blood sugar A metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar A family of blood infections None of the above

Diabetes can be cured with diet, exercise, and medication.

There is no cure for diabetes, and it persists throughout life. However, diet, exercise, and medication can help manage glucose levels and prevent complications.

True False

Which is not a symptom of diabetes?

Diabetes affects many different body systems and causes a number of symptoms, including excessive hunger and/or thirst, dry mouth, increased urination, tiredness, unexplained weight loss, headaches, and vision changes. Poor healing of sores, vaginal infections, impotence, weight gain, numbness or tingling of the extremities, and itchy skin can also be associated with diabetes.

Itchy skin Thirst Frequent urination Muscle pain

Insulin is a natural hormone secreted by which organ or gland?

Blood sugar levels are controlled by the hormone insulin, which is produced in and secreted by the pancreas.

The kidneys The liver The pancreas The spleen

People who are obese are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Those with increased body fat are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes. Risk is greatest for those with excess fat carried around the waist. These people are also at increased risk for hypertension, high cholesterol levels, and heart disease compared with those who are lean or carry fat around the hips.

True False

Prediabetes is considered a reversible condition.

Prediabetes has been referred to as "impaired glucose tolerance" and is thought to be an early, potentially reversible, stage of type 2 diabetes.

True False

Type 2 diabetes can cause long-term damage in the...

Diabetes can cause damage to many different organs, including the nerves, blood vessels, eyes, and kidneys.

Kidneys Eyes Nerves All of the above

Gestational diabetes occurs...

Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It occurs in about 4% of pregnant women and carries an increased risk for complications of pregnancy.

During pregnancy After a bout with shingles At birth After menopause

People with diabetes are prone to ________________.

Diabetes affects the way the body's immune system responds and can increase the odds of developing infections. High levels of glucose can cause infections to develop and spread more readily.

Acne (Pimples) Shingles Infections Migraine

With type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin and must take insulin injections.

True False

When the body does not respond to the insulin it makes, this is called...

People with type 2 diabetes can produce insulin, but their bodies cannot respond properly to the insulin that is made.

Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes Both of the above None of the above

____________________ is a condition in which the kidneys are unable to conserve water.

Diabetes insipidus is different from diabetes mellitus. Diabetes insipidus is characterized by an inability of the kidneys to conserve water, resulting in large volumes of dilute urine and frequent thirst.

Diabetes mellitus Diabetes insipidus Gestational diabetes Diabetic coma

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