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Diabetic Ketoacidosis (cont.)

How to Prevent Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Actions a person with diabetes can take to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis include:

  • close monitoring and control of blood sugars, especially during times of infection, stress, trauma, or other serious illness;
  • taking extra insulin injections or other diabetes medications on time as directed by your health care practitioner; and
  • contacting health care practitioner or seeking medical attention promptly as needed.

Prognosis and Outlook on Diabetic Ketoacidosis

  • With aggressive treatment, most people who develop diabetic ketoacidosis can expect complete recovery. Death is rare (2% of cases), but can occur when the condition is not treated.
  • Complications are also possible from associated illnesses such as infection, stroke, and heart attacks.
  • Complications from treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis include low blood sugar, low potassium, fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema), seizure, cardiorespiratory arrest, or swelling of the brain (cerebral edema).

Medically reviewed by John A. Seibel, MD; Board Certified Internal Medicine with a subspecialty in Endocrinology & Metabolism

REFERENCE: Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/17/2017

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis »

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute, major, life-threatening complication of diabetes.

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