Bioflavonoid, Bioflavonoid Complex, Bioflavonoid Concentrate, Bioflavonoid Extract, Bioflavonoïde, Bioflavonoïde d'Agrume, Bioflavonoïdes d'Agrumes, Citrus Bioflavones, Citrus Bioflavonoid, Citrus Bioflavonoids, Citrus Bioflavonoid Extract, Citrus Flavones, Citrus Flavonoids, Complexe de Bioflavonoïde, Concentré de Bioflavonoïde, Diosmetin, Diosmina, Diosmine, Extrait de Bioflavonoïde, Extrait de Bioflavonoïde d'Agrume, Flavonoid, Flavonoïde.
Diosmin is a type of plant chemical found mainly in citrus fruits. People use diosmin to make medicine.
Diosmin is used for treating various disorders of blood vessels including hemorrhoids, varicose veins, poor circulation in the legs (venous stasis), and bleeding (hemorrhage) in the eye or gums. It is also used to treat swelling of the arms (lymphedema) following breast cancer surgery, and to protect against liver toxicity. It is often taken in combination with hesperidin, another plant chemical.
How does it work?
Diosmin might help treat hemorrhoids by reducing swelling (inflammation), and restoring normal vein function.
Possibly Effective for...
- Treating hemorrhoids and preventing recurrence, when used in combination with hesperidin.
- Treating leg ulcers caused by poor circulation, when used in combination with hesperidin.
Possibly Ineffective for...
- Treating swelling of the arms (lymphedema) following surgery for breast cancer, when used in combination with hesperidin.
Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...
- Varicose veins.
- Bleeding (hemorrhage) in the eye.
- Bleeding gums.
- Preventing damage to the liver.
- Other conditions.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).
Diosmin is often taken in combination with hesperidin.
The following doses have been studied in scientific research:
- For the treatment of internal hemorrhoids: 1350 mg of diosmin plus 150 mg of hesperidin twice daily for 4 days followed by 900 mg of diosmin and 100 mg of hesperidin twice daily for 3 days. Some researchers also try 600 mg of diosmin three times daily for 4 days, followed by 300 mg twice daily for 10 days, in combination with 11 grams of psyllium daily. However, this lower diosmin dose does not seem to be as effective.
- For prevention of relapse internal hemorrhoids: 450 mg of diosmin plus 50 mg of hesperidin twice daily for 3 months of therapy.
- For the treatment of leg wounds due to bloodflow problems (venous stasis ulcers): the combination of 900 mg of diosmin and 100 mg of hesperidin daily has been used for up to 2 months.
Cospite M. Double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of clinical activity and safety of Daflon 500 mg in the treatment of acute hemorrhoids. Angiology 1994;45:566-73. View abstract.
Craig WJ. Health-promoting properties of common herbs. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;70:491-9. View abstract.
Di Carlo G, Mascolo N, Izzo AA, Capasso F. Flavonoids: Old and new aspects of a class of natural therapeutic drugs. Life Sci 1999;65:337-53. View abstract.
Guilhou JJ, Dereure O, Marzin L, et al. Efficacy of Daflon 500 mg in venous leg ulcer healing: a double-blind, randomized, controlled versus placebo trial in 107 patients. Angiology 1997;48:77-85.. View abstract.
Middleton E. Some biological properties of plant flavonoids. Ann Allergy 1988;61:53-7. View abstract.
Misra MC, Parshad R. Randomized clinical trial of micronized flavonoids in the early control of bleeding from acute internal haemorrhoids. Br J Surgery 2000;87:868-72. View abstract.
Pecking AP, Fevrier B, Wargon C, Pillion G. Efficacy of Daflon 500 mg in the treatment of lymphedema (secondary to conventional therapy of breast cancer). Angiology 1997;48:93-8.. View abstract.
Thanapongsathorn W, Vajrabukka T. Clinical trial of oral diosmin (Daflon) in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Dis Colon Rectum 1992;35:1085-8. View abstract.
Villa P, Cova D, De Francesco L, et al. Protective effect of diosmetin on in vitro cell membrane damage and oxidative stress in cultured rat hepatocytes. Toxicology 1992;73:179-89. View abstract.