Symptoms and Signs of Dizziness

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Medically Reviewed on 11/10/2022

Doctor's Notes on Dizziness

Dizziness is a very nonspecific symptom with a number of causes. Medically, dizziness can refer to vertigo, lightheadedness, feeling faint, or unsteadiness. Conditions that can cause lightheadedness may include:

Dizziness can be a temporary symptom that goes away on its own. It may be accompanied by a sense of spinning or that one’s surroundings are spinning (known as vertigo). Vertigo is often a result of disturbances in the inner ear or the balance-regulating areas of the brain. Lightheadedness can result from altered blood flow to the brain due to any cause. Depending on the cause, dizziness may have other associated symptoms like:

What Is the Treatment for Dizziness?

Treatment for dizziness depends on the underlying cause or condition:

  • Replacement of body fluids and electrolytes can treat dizziness caused by dehydration.
  • Dizziness caused by other conditions such as heart rhythm disorders or abnormalities in blood pressure can be treated by medications designed to treat those conditions.
  • There are also medications specifically designed to relieve dizziness and nausea.

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.