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Medications and Drugs

Brand Names: Adderall, Adderall XR

Generic Name: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Pronunciation: am FET a meen and DEX troe am FET a meen)

What is amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Adderall, Adderall XR)?

Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine are central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.

The combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Adderall 10 mg

round, blue, imprinted with AD, 1 0

Adderall 20 mg

round, orange, imprinted with 20, AD

Adderall 5 mg

round, blue, imprinted with AD, 5

Adderall XR 10 mg

capsule, blue, imprinted with Shire 381, 10 mg

Adderall XR 15 mg

capsule, blue/white, imprinted with ADDERALL XR, 15 mg

Adderall XR 20 mg

capsule, orange, imprinted with ADDERALL XR, 20 mg

Adderall XR 25 mg

capsule, orange/white, imprinted with ADDERALL XR, 25 mg

Adderall XR 30 mg

capsule, brown/orange, imprinted with ADDERALL XR, 30 mg

Adderall XR 5 mg

capsule, blue, imprinted with ADDERALL XR, 5 mg

Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine 10 mg-BAR

oval, blue, imprinted with b 972, 1 0

Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine 12.5 mg-BAR

oval, orange, imprinted with b 776, 12 1/2

Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine 15 mg-BAR

round, peach, imprinted with b 777, 1 5

Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine 20 mg-BAR

oval, peach, imprinted with b 973, 2 0

Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine 30 mg-BAR

oval, peach, imprinted with b 974, 3 0

Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine 5 mg-BAR

oval, blue, imprinted with b 971, 5

Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine 7.5 mg-BAR

round, blue, imprinted with b 775, 7 1/2

What are the possible side effects of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Adderall, Adderall XR)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using this medication and call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeats;
  • pain or burning when you urinate;
  • talking more than usual, feelings of extreme happiness or sadness;
  • tremors, hallucinations, unusual behavior, or motor tics (muscle twitches); or
  • dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, chest pain, shortness of breath, uneven heartbeats, seizure).

Less serious side effects may include:

  • headache, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision;
  • feeling restless, irritable, or agitated,
  • sleep problems (insomnia);
  • dry mouth or an unpleasant taste in your mouth;
  • diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting;
  • fever;
  • hair loss, loss of appetite, weight loss; or
  • loss of interest in sex, impotence, or difficulty having an orgasm.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Adderall, Adderall XR)?

Do not use amphetamine and dextroamphetamine if you have used an MAO inhibitor such as furazolidone (Furoxone), isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), rasagiline (Azilect), selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam, Zelapar), or tranylcypromine (Parnate) in the last 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur, leading to serious side effects.

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, or if you have hardened arteries (arteriosclerosis), heart disease, moderate to severe high blood pressure (hypertension), overactive thyroid, glaucoma, severe anxiety or agitation, or a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

Some stimulants have caused sudden death in children and adolescents with serious heart problems or congenital heart defects. Before taking amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, tell your doctor if you have any type of heart problems.

Long-term use of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine can slow a child's growth. Tell your doctor if the child using this medication is not growing or gaining weight properly.

Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person for whom it was prescribed. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it. Using this medication improperly can cause death or serious side effects on the heart.

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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