Generic Name: bismuth subsalicylate
- What is bismuth subsalicylate?
- What are the possible side effects of bismuth subsalicylate?
- What is the most important information I should know about bismuth subsalicylate?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking bismuth subsalicylate?
- How should I take bismuth subsalicylate?
- What happens if I miss a dose?
- What happens if I overdose?
- What should I avoid while taking bismuth subsalicylate?
- What other drugs will affect bismuth subsalicylate?
- Where can I get more information?
What is bismuth subsalicylate?
Bismuth subsalicylate is used to treat diarrhea, nausea, heartburn, indigestion, gas, or upset stomach.
Bismuth subsalicylate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
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What are the possible side effects of bismuth subsalicylate?
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop taking this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have:
- changes in behavior with nausea and vomiting;
- hearing loss or ringing in your ears;
- diarrhea lasting longer than 2 days; or
- worsened stomach symptoms.
Bismuth subsalicylate can cause you to have a black or darkened tongue. This is a harmless side effect.
Common side effects include:
- constipation; or
- dark colored stools.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What is the most important information I should know about bismuth subsalicylate?
You should not use this medicine if you have bleeding problems, a stomach ulcer, blood in your stools, or if you are allergic to aspirin or other salicylates.
Do not give this medicine to a child or teenager with a fever, flu symptoms, or chickenpox.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking bismuth subsalicylate?
You should not use bismuth subsalicylate if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
- black or bloody stools;
- a stomach ulcer;
- bleeding problems; or
- if you are allergic to salicylates such as aspirin, Doan's Extra Strength, Salflex, Tricosal, and others.
Do not give this medicine to a child or teenager with a fever, flu symptoms, or chickenpox. Salicylates can cause Reye's syndrome, a serious and sometimes fatal condition in children.
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if this medicine is safe to use if you have:
- mucus in your stools; or
- if you currently have a fever.
Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 12 years old without medical advice.
How should I take bismuth subsalicylate?
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.
Shake the oral suspension (liquid) before you measure a dose. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device (not a kitchen spoon).
You must chew the chewable tablet before you swallow it.
Drink plenty of liquids while you are taking bismuth subsalicylate.
Do not take more than 8 doses in one day (24 hours).
Call your doctor if you still have diarrhea after 2 days of using this medicine.
This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using bismuth subsalicylate.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Since bismuth subsalicylate is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Skip any missed dose if it's almost time for your next dose. Do not use two doses at one time.
Do not take more than 8 doses per day.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdose symptoms may include weakness, depression, anxiety, feeling irritable, problems with balance or coordination, confusion, tremors, or jerky muscle movements.
What should I avoid while taking bismuth subsalicylate?
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before taking other antacids or diarrhea medicine, or taking medicine that may contain a salicylate (such as aspirin, salsalate, magnesium salicylate, choline salicylate, diflunisal, Ecotrin, Tricosal, Trilisate, and others).
What other drugs will affect bismuth subsalicylate?
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using bismuth subsalicylate with any other medications, especially:
- arthritis medicine;
- gout medicine;
- insulin or oral diabetes medications; or
- a blood thinner--warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect bismuth subsalicylate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about bismuth subsalicylate.
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