caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid) (Cafcit)

Brand Names: Cafcit

Generic Name: caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid)

What is caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid) (Cafcit)?

This medication guide provides information about Cafcit injection and oral liquid forms of caffeine citrate. Other forms of caffeine citrate used for wakefulness are NOT covered in this medication guide.

Caffeine citrate injection or oral liquid (Cafcit) is used to treat breathing problems in premature infants.

Caffeine citrate injection or oral liquid may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid) (Cafcit)?

Get emergency medical help if your child has signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your child's doctor at once if your child has:

  • restlessness, jitteriness, or shakiness;
  • fast heartbeats;
  • more wet diapers than usual;
  • vomiting, stomach bloating;
  • blood in the stools;
  • weakness, drowsiness; or
  • fever, chills, rapid breathing.

Common side effects may include:

  • feeding problems; or
  • skin rash.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your child's doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid) (Cafcit)?

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell your child's healthcare providers about all the child's medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines given to the child.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before my child receives caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid) (Cafcit)?

Cafcit should not be given to a child who is allergic to it.

Tell your doctor if your child has ever had:

Tell your child's doctor if you used caffeine during late pregnancy.

Infants being treated with Cafcit may develop necrotizing enterocolitis (a condition where a portion of the bowel dies). Ask your child's doctor about this risk.

How is caffeine citrate given (Cafcit)?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your child's dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Cafcit is for short-term use only. Do not use this medicine for longer than 12 days without the advice of your child's doctor.

Cafcit oral liquid is given by mouth.

Caffeine citrate injection is given as an infusion into a vein. A healthcare provider will give your child this injection.

Measure liquid medicine carefully. Use only the dosing syringe provided. Give the medicine only in the amount prescribed by your child's doctor (mL and cc are equal measurements). Cafcit oral liquid may also be given through a feeding tube.

Read and carefully follow any Instructions for Use provided with your medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you do not understand these instructions.

Give the oral liquid at the same time each day.

Do not use the liquid if it looks cloudy, has changed colors, or has particles in it. Call your pharmacist for new medication.

Cafcit oral liquid doses are based on weight. Your child's dose needs may change if the child gains or loses weight. Do not change your baby's dose without first asking your doctor.

Your child will need frequent medical tests.

Call your doctor right away if your baby's apnea symptoms do not improve.

Cafcit contains no preservative. Do not open a bottle of this medicine until you are ready to give the dose.

Each bottle of Cafcit oral liquid is for one use only. Throw it away after one use, even if there is still medicine left inside.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.


COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the same as adult-onset asthma. See Answer

What happens if I miss a dose (Cafcit)?

Call your doctor for instructions if you forget to give your child's dose of caffeine citrate oral liquid.

Because caffeine citrate injection is given in a clinical setting, your child is not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose (Cafcit)?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include fever, rapid breathing, nervousness, sleep problems, vomiting, abnormal blood tests, and seizures.

What should your child avoid while using caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid) (Cafcit)?

Avoid giving the child food or drinks that contain caffeine, such as cola or chocolate milk.

What other drugs will affect caffeine citrate (injection/oral liquid) (Cafcit)?

Tell your doctor about all other medicines given to the child, especially theophylline.

Other drugs may affect caffeine citrate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your child's current medicines and any medicine the child starts or stops using.

Where can I get more information (Cafcit)?

Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about caffeine citrate (Cafcit injection/oral liquid).

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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Reviewed on 10/12/2022

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