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Medications and Drugs

Brand Names: Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Tegretol, Tegretol XR

Generic Name: carbamazepine (oral) (Pronunciation: kar ba MAZ e peen)

What is carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Tegretol, Tegretol XR)?

Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant. It works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain.

Carbamazepine is used to treat seizures and nerve pain such as trigeminal neuralgia and diabetic neuropathy. Carbamazepine is also used to treat bipolar disorder.

Carbamazepine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Carbamazepine 100 mg Chew-TAR

round, pink/white specks, imprinted with TARO 16

Carbamazepine 100 mg Chew-TEV

round, pink/red specks, imprinted with 93 93, 778

Carbamazepine 200 mg UD-TEV

round, white, imprinted with TARO 11

Carbamazepine 200 mg-APO

round, white, imprinted with APO 200

Carbamazepine 200 mg-MAJ

round, white, imprinted with TARO 11

Carbamazepine 200 mg-PUR

round, white, imprinted with R, 143

Carbamazepine 200 mg-TAR

round, white, imprinted with TARO 11

Carbamazepine 200 mg-TEV

round, white, imprinted with T 109

Carbamazepine 200 mg-TOR

oblong, pink, imprinted with 268

Carbamazepine ER 100 mg-APO

capsule, green/white, imprinted with APO, C100

Carbamazepine ER 200 mg-APO

capsule, green/white, imprinted with APO, C200

Carbamazepine ER 300 mg-APO

capsule, green/white, imprinted with APO, C300

Carbatrol 200 mg

gray/pink, capsule, imprinted with Shire, CARBATROL 200 mg

Carbatrol 300 mg

black/teal, capsule, imprinted with Shire, CARBATROL 300 mg

Epitol 200 mg-TEV

round, white, imprinted with 93 93, EPITOL

Tegretol 100 mg

round, white/red specks, imprinted with TEGRETOL, 52 52

Tegretol 200 mg

oblong, pink, imprinted with TEGRETOL, 27 27

Tegretol XR 100 mg

round, white, imprinted with T, 100 mg

Tegretol XR 400 mg

round, brown, imprinted with T, 400 mg

What are the possible side effects of carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Tegretol, Tegretol XR)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: sudden mood or behavior changes, depression, anxiety, insomnia, or if you feel agitated, hostile, restless, irritable, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • fever, tired feeling, weakness, confusion, pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath;
  • easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin;
  • slow, fast, or pounding heartbeats;
  • confusion, vision problems, hallucinations;
  • nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
  • little or no urinating;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain;
  • problems with your fingernails or toenails; or
  • severe skin reaction -- fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.

Common side effects may include:

  • dizziness, drowsiness,
  • nausea, vomiting, feeling unsteady;
  • dry mouth, swollen tongue; or
  • loss of balance or coordination.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Tegretol, Tegretol XR)?

You should not take carbamazepine if you have a history of bone marrow suppression, if you are also taking nefazodone, or if you are allergic to an antidepressant such as amitriptyline, desipramine, imipramine, or nortriptyline.

This medication may cause severe or life-threatening skin rash. Your doctor may recommend a blood test before you start the medication to determine your risk.

Do not start or stop taking carbamazepine during pregnancy without your doctor's advice. Carbamazepine may cause harm to an unborn baby, but having a seizure during pregnancy could harm both the mother and the baby. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking carbamazepine for seizures.

TELL YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT ALL OTHER MEDICINES YOU USE. Some drugs can raise or lower your blood levels of carbamazepine, which may cause side effects or make carbamazepine less effective. Carbamazepine can also affect blood levels of certain other drugs, making them less effective or increasing side effects.

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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