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labetalol (oral/injection)

Generic Name: labetalol (oral/injection)

What is labetalol?

Labetalol is a beta-blocker that affects the heart and circulation (blood flow through arteries and veins).

Labetalol is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Labetalol oral is sometimes given with other blood pressure medications.

Labetalol injection is used when hypertension is severe.

Labetalol may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of labetalol?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
  • slow heart rate, weak pulse, fainting, slow breathing (breathing may stop);
  • shortness of breath (even with mild exertion), swelling, rapid weight gain;
  • severe headache, blurred vision, pounding in your neck or ears; or
  • liver problems--loss of appetite, stomach pain (upper right side), flu-like symptoms, itching, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Severe dizziness or fainting may be more likely in older adults.

Common side effects may include:

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about labetalol?

You should not use labetalol if you have asthma, very low blood pressure, or a serious heart condition such as 2nd or 3rd degree "AV block," uncontrolled heart failure, or very slow heartbeats.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using labetalol?

You should not use labetalol if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • asthma;
  • "AV block" (2nd or 3rd degree);
  • uncontrolled heart failure;
  • very low blood pressure;
  • slow heartbeats that have caused you to faint; or
  • if your heart cannot pump blood properly.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

Labetalol can affect your pupils during cataract surgery. Tell your eye surgeon ahead of time that you use this medicine.

It is not known whether labetalol will harm an unborn baby. Labetalol may cause low blood pressure, low blood sugar, slow heartbeats, or breathing problems in a newborn if the mother uses labetalol during pregnancy. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

It may not be safe to breastfeed while using this medicine. Ask your doctor about any risk.

Labetalol is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

How should I use labetalol?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Labetalol oral is taken by mouth.

Labetalol injection is given as an infusion into a vein when hypertension is severe. A healthcare provider will give you this injection.

After receiving a labetalol injection, you may need to remain lying down for up to 3 hours. You may feel light-headed when you first stand up.

Your blood pressure will need to be checked often, and you may need other medical tests.

Keep using this medicine as directed, even if you feel well. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. You may need to use blood pressure medicine for the rest of your life.

Using labetalol can make it harder for you to tell when your blood sugar is low. If you have diabetes, check your blood sugar regularly.

Labetalol can cause false results with certain lab tests of the urine. This medicine also may affect a drug-screening urine test and you may have false results. Tell the laboratory staff that you use labetalol.

If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using labetalol.

You should not stop using labetalol suddenly. Stopping suddenly may make your condition worse.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

QUESTION

Salt and sodium are the same. See Answer

What happens if I miss a dose?

Labetalol oral: Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

Because you will receive labetalol injection in a clinical setting, you are not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include slow heart rate, wheezing, chest tightness, trouble breathing, extreme dizziness, seizure, or fainting.

What should I avoid while using labetalol?

Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how this medicine will affect you. Your reactions could be impaired.

Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy.

Drinking alcohol can further lower your blood pressure and may increase certain side effects of labetalol.

What other drugs will affect labetalol?

Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially:

This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect labetalol, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about labetalol.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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Reviewed on 2/6/2020

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