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Medications and Drugs

Brand Names: Pravachol

Generic Name: pravastatin (Pronunciation: PRAV a STAT in)

What is pravastatin (Pravachol)?

Pravastatin is in a group of drugs called HMG CoA reductase inhibitors, or "statins." Pravastatin reduces levels of "bad" cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein, or LDL) and triglycerides in the blood, while increasing levels of "good" cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein, or HDL).

Pravastatin is used to lower cholesterol and triglycerides (types of fat) in the blood.

Pravastatin is also used to lower the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other heart complications in people with diabetes, coronary heart disease, or other risk factors

Pravastatin is used in adults and children who are at least 8 years old.

Pravastatin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Pravachol 10 mg

square, pink, imprinted with PRAVACHOL 10, LOGO P

Pravachol 20 mg

square, yellow, imprinted with PRAVACHOL 20, LOGO P

Pravachol 40 mg

square, green, imprinted with PRAVACHOL 40, LOGO P

Pravachol 80 mg

oval, yellow, imprinted with BMS, 80

Pravastatin 10 mg-APO

round, pink, imprinted with APO, PRA 10

Pravastatin 10 mg-TEV

round, pink, imprinted with 771, TEVA, 93

Pravastatin 20 mg-APO

round, yellow, imprinted with APO, PRA 20

Pravastatin 20 mg-MYL

square, white, imprinted with PR 20, G

Pravastatin 20 mg-TEV

round, yellow, imprinted with TEVA, 7201

Pravastatin 40 mg-APO

round, green, imprinted with APO, PRA 40

Pravastatin 40 mg-MYL

square, white, imprinted with PR 40, G

Pravastatin 40 mg-TEV

round, green, imprinted with 93, 7202, TEVA

Pravastatin 80 mg-APO

round, yellow, imprinted with APO, PRA 80

Pravastatin 80 mg-COB

oval, white, imprinted with LOGO, PV 80

Pravastatin 80 mg-MYL

oval, white, imprinted with PR80, G

Pravastatin 80 mg-TEV

oval, white, imprinted with 7270, TEVA

What are the possible side effects of pravastatin (Pravachol)?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop taking pravastatin and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness;
  • confusion, memory problems;
  • fever, unusual tiredness, and dark colored urine;
  • chest pain;
  • increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, dry mouth, fruity breath odor, drowsiness, dry skin, blurred vision, weight loss);
  • swelling, weight gain, urinating less than usual or not at all; or
  • nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Less serious side effects may include:

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about pravastatin (Pravachol)?

You should not take pravastatin if you are allergic to it, if you are pregnant or breast-feeding, or if you have liver disease.

Stop taking this medication and tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.

Before taking pravastatin, tell your doctor if you have ever had liver or kidney disease, diabetes, or a thyroid disorder, or if you drink more than 2 alcoholic beverages daily.

In rare cases, pravastatin can cause a condition that results in the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, leading to kidney failure. Call your doctor right away if you have unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness especially if you also have fever, unusual tiredness, and dark colored urine.

Avoid eating foods that are high in fat or cholesterol. Pravastatin will not be as effective in lowering your cholesterol if you do not follow a cholesterol-lowering diet plan.

Avoid drinking alcohol. It can raise triglyceride levels and may increase your risk of liver damage.

There are many other drugs that can increase your risk of serious medical problems if you take them together with pravastatin. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor. Keep a list of all your medicines and show it to any healthcare provider who treats you.

Pravastatin is only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely.

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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