Generic Name: sodium bicarbonate
- What is sodium bicarbonate?
- What are the possible side effects of sodium bicarbonate?
- What is the most important information I should know about sodium bicarbonate?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking sodium bicarbonate?
- How should I take sodium bicarbonate?
- What happens if I miss a dose?
- What happens if I overdose?
- What should I avoid while taking sodium bicarbonate?
- What other drugs will affect sodium bicarbonate?
- Where can I get more information?
What is sodium bicarbonate?
Sodium bicarbonate is an antacid that neutralizes stomach acid.
Sodium bicarbonate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
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What are the possible side effects of sodium bicarbonate?
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using sodium bicarbonate and call your doctor at once if you have:
- severe stomach pain;
- swelling, rapid weight gain; or
- shortness of breath (even with mild exertion).
Common side effects may include:
- dry mouth;
- increased thirst; or
- urinating more than usual.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What is the most important information I should know about sodium bicarbonate?
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking sodium bicarbonate?
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take this medicine if you have other medical conditions, especially:
- kidney disease;
- liver disease;
- heart disease;
- high blood pressure; or
- if you are on a low salt diet.
It is not known whether sodium bicarbonate will harm an unborn baby. However, sodium bicarbonate can cause fluid to build up in your body, which may be dangerous during pregnancy. Do not use this medicine without a doctor's advice if you are pregnant.
It is not known whether sodium bicarbonate passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medicine without a doctor's advice if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How should I take sodium bicarbonate?
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Sodium bicarbonate tablets are usually dissolved completely in water before swallowing. Follow al directions on the product label.
Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using sodium bicarbonate.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Since sodium bicarbonate is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Do not take more of this medicine than recommended on the product label.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking sodium bicarbonate?
Avoid taking this medicine without a doctor's advice if you regularly take other medicines.
What other drugs will affect sodium bicarbonate?
Other drugs may interact with sodium bicarbonate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about sodium bicarbonate.
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