Drug Overdose: Overdoses of drugs or chemicals can be either accidental or intentional. Drug overdoses occur when a person takes more than the medically recommended dose. Overdose is often a cause of death, coma, or other injury with heroin and other drugs commonly abused.
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AddictionAddiction is possible whenever ingesting a substance causes the basic pleasure and reward circuits in the brain to activate. Addiction is an illness that requires treatment, because people with addictions cannot stop on their own. Symptoms of addiction include a person's inability to stop using the substance, devoting a lot of time and effort toward obtaining, using, and recovering from the substance's effects, discontinuing important social, employment, and recreational activities due to preoccupation with the substance, developing tolerance for the substance, and developing withdrawal symptoms.
Aspirin PoisoningAspirin poisoning is either accidental or intentional. Symptoms of aspirin poisoning include ringing in the ears, impaired hearing, rapid breathing, dehydration, vomiting, fever, and double vision. The treatment of aspirin poisoning is cared for in a hospital setting.
Barbiturate AbuseBarbiturates are a group of drugs in the class of drugs known as sedative-hypnotics, which generally describes their sleep-inducing and anxiety-decreasing effects.
Benzodiazepine AbuseBenzodiazepines are a type of medication known as tranquilizers. Familiar names include Valium and Xanax. They are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States. Symptoms and signs of benzodiazepine abuse include: drowsiness, weakness, coma, and slurred speech. Treatment may involve gastric lavage, taking activated charcoal, or rehab.
Club DrugsA wave of new drugs has become increasingly popular with today's adolescents and young adults. These drugs are commonly known as club drugs. Common club drugs include Ecstasy, amphetamines, PCP, ketamine, and inhalants.
Cocaine AbuseCocaine is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the U.S. Symptoms of cocaine abuse include dilated pupils, recurrent nosebleeds, and hallucinations. Medical professionals diagnose cocaine abuse by looking for signs and symptoms such as cocaine-induced headaches and cocaine-induced seizures; psychiatric complications like anxiety, hallucinations, and psychoses; nasal and throat complications like nosebleed and perforated nasal septum; pulmonary conditions like asthma and pneumonia; cardiovascular complications; and infectious complications.
Drug Dependence & AbuseDrug dependence is the physical need for a certain substance. Drug abuse and dependence comprise a huge public health problem with no easy treatment available.
Narcotic AbuseNarcotic abuse is when people use narcotics for reasons apart from the narcotic's pain-relief purpose. Signs and symptoms of narcotic abuse include euphoria, shallow breathing, small pupils, nausea, vomiting, slurred speech, confusion, and needle marks on the skin. Treatment involves addressing the long-term psychological dependence associated with narcotic abuse and administering medications such as buprenorphine, clonidine, and naltrexone to alleviate withdrawal symptoms.
Opioid Abuse and AddictionOpioids are a form of pain relief medicine. These painkillers are very addictive. Symptoms of opioid addiction include chronic constipation, nausea, vomiting, sleepiness, and insomnia. Treatment of opioid addiction may include medications such as naltrexone, buprenorphine, methadone, and/or lofexidine, in addition to behavioral therapy and counseling.
Pain MedicationsThe effects of pain medication are different for each person. Pain also varies in tolerance as well from person to person. There are several different pain medications such as NSAIDS, acetaminophen, and narcotics. The most commonly prescribed narcotics are morphine (MS Contin, Avinza, Kadain, Oramorph), oxycodone (OxyContin, Roxicodone, M-oxy, ETH-Oxydose, Oxyfast, OxylR), fentanyl (Duragesic, Fentanyl Patch), oxymorphone (Opana), and methadone (Methadose) Narcotic pain medications can lead to physical addiction. Symptoms of physical addiction to narcotics include flu-like symptoms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bone aches, feeling like you are "crawling out of your skin," goose bumps, chills, tremor, and difficulty sleeping. These symptoms are all medical concerns and should be treated medically.
Substance AbusePeople abuse substances such as drugs, alcohol, and tobacco for varied and complicated reasons, but it is clear that our society pays a significant cost. Symptoms and signs of substance abuse include forgetfulness, frequent hangovers, having blackouts, and getting into trouble with the law. Treatment typically involves counseling and prescription medications to control withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings.
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) PoisoningAcetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning or overdose, is caused primarily by damage to the liver. Symptoms of acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, poor appetite, and not feel well. Treatment for acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning include gastric lavage, NAC, or activated charcoal.
Tylenol Poisoning Acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning or overdose, is caused primarily by damage to the liver. Symptoms of acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, poor appetite, and not feel well. Treatment for acetaminophen (Tylenol) poisoning include gastric lavage, NAC, or activated charcoal.
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