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Dyslexia (cont.)

Dyslexia Comorbidity

Children with dyslexia can have simultaneous (often called "comorbid") disorders that interfere with learning.

Comorbid conditions:

  1. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): This neurological disorder. It mainly affects attention and organization, and may be accompanied by hyperactivity and impulsivity. This can seriously impact the learning of a child already impacted by dyslexia.
  2. Affective Disorders (Anxiety, Depression): Children with dyslexia may have low self-esteem related to their struggles in academics and are prone to depressive and anxiety disorders. These are usually identified by change in a child's usual pattern of behavior and deterioration in academics accompanied by withdrawal from activities, greater irritability, mood swings, avoidance of school, change in alertness, eating, sleeping, and play habits.
  3. Conduct Disorders (ODD, CD): Some children may demonstrate negative behaviors, defiance of authority, and aggressive behaviors in class, and engage in avoiding class work. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) further interferes with learning and peer relations in a classroom setting.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/19/2016
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Learning Disorder: Reading »

The first description of a specific reading disability was an 1896 case study in the British medical literature of a "bright and intelligent boy" who had great difficulty learning to read.

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