Symptoms and Signs of Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

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Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Eczema is a pattern of skin reaction that can be seen with a number of different skin diseases. Dermatitis for skin inflammation due to allergic reactions or contact with irritants is one common cause of eczema. Dry skin and scabies are two additional common causes.

Signs and symptoms characteristic of eczema include a rash consisting of red, elevated plaques on the skin that contain tiny red blisters filled with fluid. The blisters may leak fluid causing oozing and weeping of the affected area of skin. When eczema is present over the long term, the skin becomes thickened and scaly. Itching is a prominent associated symptom. Different types of eczema may cause a rash to appear in different locations of the body.

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.