Symptoms and Signs of Electric Shock Causes, Treatment, After Effects, and Prognosis

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Medically Reviewed on 3/11/2019

Doctor's Notes on Electric Shock Causes, Treatment, After Effects, and Prognosis

An electric shock happens when someone comes into contact with any source of electrical energy. This can be due to a lightning strike or due to a man-made source of electricity such as electrical circuits or appliances. The shock occurs when the electricity flows through the body.

Symptoms of an electric shock range from very mild to catastrophic. There may be no damage at all, or the shock may be fatal. Burns are the most common associated symptoms of electrical energy shock and are usually worse at the point of contact with the electrical source and at the point of contact with the ground. Electric shock can cause violent muscle contraction that may lead to broken bones or spinal injuries. Severe cases can result in cardiac arrest (stoppage of the heart).

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REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.