Emphysema: Life Expectancy and Treatment Topic Guide

Emphysema Emphysema: Emphysema a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs. The most common symptom of emphysema is shortness of breath. Causes and risk factors for emphysema include cigarette smoking, alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, air pollution, abnormal airway reactivity, gender, and age. Treatment includes medication, lifestyle changes (quitting smoking), surgery, and lung transplantation.

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Emphysema Topic Guide - Visuals

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Emphysema Topic Guide - Medications and Vitamins

Medications:

tiotropium inhalation Tiotropium Inhalation

Tiotropium inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to prevent bronchospasm (narrowing of the airways in the lungs) in adults with COPD (chronic obstructi...learn more »

levalbuterol Levalbuterol

Levalbuterol is a short-acting bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases air flow to the lungs...learn more »

albuterol and ipratropium (inhalation) Albuterol And Ipratropium (inhalation)

Albuterol and ipratropium are bronchodilators that relax muscles in the airways and increase air flow to the lungs...learn more »

salmeterol (inhalation) Salmeterol (inhalation)

Salmeterol inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to prevent asthma attacks or exercise-induced bronchospasm...learn more »

alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor Alpha 1-proteinase Inhibitor

Alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor is a protein, also called alpha 1-antitrypsin. This protein occurs naturally in the body and is important for preventing the bre...learn more »

acetylcysteine (inhalation) Acetylcysteine (inhalation)

Acetylcysteine inhalation is used to thin the mucus in people with certain lung conditions such as cystic fibrosis, emphysema, bronchitis, pneumonia, or tube...learn more »

terbutaline (oral) Terbutaline (oral)

Terbutaline is a bronchodilator. It works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing...learn more »

albuterol Albuterol

Albuterol oral is a bronchodilator taken by mouth to treat bronchospasm (wheezing, shortness of breath)...learn more »

albuterol inhalation Albuterol Inhalation

Albuterol inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease. Albuterol is al...learn more »

ipratropium inhalation Ipratropium Inhalation

Ipratropium is a bronchodilator that is used to to prevent bronchospasm in people with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), including bronchitis and...learn more »

theophylline Theophylline

Theophylline is a bronchodilator that is used to treat symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and other breathing problems...learn more »