Doctor's Notes on Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lining tissue of the uterus. This lining tissue is known as the endometrium. While the exact cause of endometrial cancer is not understood, it is believed to be related to elevated levels of estrogen. Conditions known to increase a woman's risk of endometrial cancer include obesity, having given birth to few or no children, menstruation beginning at a young age, late menopause, a family history of uterine cancer, radiation to the pelvis, and taking estrogen therapy.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding after menopause is the most common symptom of endometrial cancer. Other associated signs and symptoms can include pelvic pain, pain during sexual intercourse, vaginal discharge, and painful urination.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.