Symptoms and Signs of Esophageal Tumors in Children

Medical Author:
Medically Reviewed on 4/8/2022

Doctor's Notes on Esophageal Tumors in Children

Esophageal tumors may be benign or malignant in children. Signs and symptoms of esophageal tumors in children may include

The exact cause of esophageal tumors in children is not known; however, most tumors start from the flat cells that line the esophagus. The esophageal tumors can recur. Usually, it is not possible to remove the whole tumor surgically.

What Are the Treatments for Esophageal Tumors in Children?

Children with esophageal cancer (or other cancers) should have treatments planned by a team of doctors who are experts in treating childhood cancers. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that the types of treatment options that may be used in children with a heart tumor may include the following:

  • Chemotherapy: stops growth or kills many types of tumor cells
  • Surgery
    • Surgical removal of tumor as much as is possible
    • May include other options after surgery
  • Radiation therapy: external (beams of X-rays or protons) or implantable radioactive compounds to stop growth or kill esophageal tumor cells
  • Targeted therapy: drugs and/or other compounds that attack specific cancer cells

In addition, other treatments are being researched in clinical trials; the inclusion of your child in a clinical trial may be suggested by your child's medical team. Participation in a clinical trial may be in your child's best interest.


Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.