Glasgow Coma Scale
Score Interpretation
Under 9 Severe head injury and coma
9-15 --
Verbal (language function)
Oriented (knows people, place, time, etc) (5 point[s])
Confused (4 point[s])
Inappropriate (3 point[s])
Incomprehensible (2 point[s])
None (1 point[s])
Motor (movement)
Obeys commands (6 point[s])
Localizes pain (5 point[s])
Withdraws to pain (4 point[s])
Flexion to pain (bends arm or leg) (3 point[s])
Extension to pain (extends arm or leg) (2 point[s])
None (1 point[s])
Eye opening
Spontaneous (4 point[s])
To command (3 point[s])
To pain (2 point[s])
None (1 point[s])


The Glasgow Coma Scale is used by health care professionals to assess brain function in an individual with a documented, or possible, head injury. A score of 8 or less indicates significant brain dysfunction.

A scale used for assessing the level of consciousness. The scale is particularly used in cases of trauma to the head.

Advanced Trauma Life Support. 1993 Student Manual. American College of Surgeons.

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