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Exercise (cont.)

Web Links and More Information

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American Volkssport Association (national walking clubs)

American Hiking Society

Rails to Trails (walking/biking trails on abandoned rail beds)

The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports

Surgeon General and Fitness - Report of the Surgeon General

Physical Activity and Weight Control

American Council on Exercise

Exercises for Every Muscle Group


Collage Video

Armchair Fitness

Training Plans

Medically reviewed by John A. Daller, MD; American Board of Surgery with subspecialty certification in surgical critical care


Axler, Craig T., et al. "Low back loads over a variety of abdominal exercises: searching for the safest abdominal challenge." Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: June 1997 - Volume 29 - Issue 6 - pp 804-811

Borg, G. "Psychophysical scaling with applications in physical work and the perception of exertion." Scand J Work Environ Health. 1990;16 Suppl 1:55-8.

Francis, Peter R. "An Electromyographic Approach to the Evaluation of Abdominal Exercises." ACSM''''s Health & Fitness Journal: July/August 2001 - Volume 5 - Issue 4

Geliebter, A., et al. "Effects of strength or aerobic training on body composition, resting metabolic rate, and peak oxygen consumption in obese dieting subjects." Am J Clin Nutr 1997 Sep;66(3):557-63.

Gibala, M.J., et al. "Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance." J Physiol. 2006 Sep 15;575(Pt 3):901-11.

Physical Activity and Health. Report of the Surgeon General U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; 1996

Swain, D.P., Leutholtz, B.C. "Heart rate reserve is equivalent to %VO2reserve, not to %VO2max." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1997, vol. 29, no3, pp. 410-414

Talanian, J.L., et al. "Two weeks of high-intensity aerobic interval training increases the capacity for fat oxidation during exercise in women." J Appl Physiol. 2007 Apr;102(4):1439-47.

Trapp, E.G., et al. "The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on fat loss and fasting insulin levels of young women." International Journal of Obesity (2008) 32, 684–691;

Witvrouw, E., Mahieu, N., Danneels, L., McNair, P. "Stretching and injury prevention: an obscure relationship." Sports Medicine, 2004

Last Editorial Review: 10/1/2015

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